Gender Analysis Framework Appropriation

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Part Two - Gender Analysis Framework appropriation Gender analysis is an important step in mainstreaming gender and better integrating gender considerations into development practice. Frameworks, being “methods of research and planning for assessing gender issues”, (March, Smyth, & Mukhopadhyay, 1999, p. 11) that analyse gender, allow for an understanding of “what a goal should be, but also how it can be achieved”, (Andersen, 1992: Buvinic, 1984, p. 21). More than simply including gender, “gender frameworks mean a bigger end game: that of devising and implementing policies and programmes which . . . may help to redress gender imbalances.” Encouraging gender specific programing is a move towards more equal development and women’s rights in developing…show more content…
These questions include; who does what? Who has what? Who decides? Who gains? Who loses? (March, Smyth, & Mukhopadhyay, 1999, p. 18). Looking at power relations within households and communities, these questions allow key issues in development to be prioritised by the state and non-government organisations. This considered, the Gender Analysis Matrix (GAM) is the most appropriate to capture the causes, solutions and dynamics of female sanitation issues in West Africa. Primarily, a GAM is used because it emphasises a participatory, grassroots approach to development intervention, (March, Smyth, & Mukhopadhyay, 1999, p. 68). This is important, considering the lack of sanitation in itself is made worse by the fact that existing sanitation does not always accommodate menstruation, reproductive and privacy issues which are important to women. Therefore, the analysis, and emphasise on women being involved in resource planning, allocation and control is critical to this…show more content…
A PRA gathers initial information on resources available within the community, and to whom they are available and where. Within this project, the PRA represents toilets, water, hand washing and menstruation facilities available to which gender, which age and in which location. The Needs analysis is conducted because there must be a differentiation between women’s access to resources and their control over resources, (Mcdonald, 1994, p. 61). to stop reinforcement of women’s traditional gender roles, ad needs analysis examines a “particular group subordination”, (Mcdonald, 1994, p.62) and the increased discussion and awareness empowers them to be instruments in their own development. The PRA and Needs Analysis are gathered by community members themselves in a collective forum at the beginning of this project and allows for better planning because t becomes obvious who and where the lack of resources are most
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