Galileo is most known for his discoveries that he turned into a book, The Starry Messenger. In this book he covers his discoveries of the landscape on the moon, the light coming from the Milky Way, Jupiter and its moons, Sunspots and the phases of Venus. From a young age Galileo was both bothered and motivated by the lack of scientific rule and emphasis on church rule. Galileo’s approach to learning was very admirable. Instead of sticking to his course of study, he learned by investigating his everyday activities.
In 1609, Galileo started observing the sky with the telescopes to observe black point of the Sun, the surface of the moon, and Jupiter’s four different planets. He drew the Moon’s phases with the telescope, but unfortunately, the Moon’s surface was not smooth but also it was rough and unbalanced. He also found that the telescope showed many more stars than were... ... middle of paper ... ...th is going around the Sun” His name has now become the symbolic icon of physics and Astronomy. During 16th century, even though there were many conflicts between Roman Church and Galileo who believed in Copernicanism, he was proven to be right in the end. Much of Galileo's life was spent looking for demonstrations to prove the opinions of Copernicus.
He constructed a military compass, an instrument for measuring the expansion of liquids, and one of the early telescopes with which he discovered Jupiter's satellites, irregularities on the surface of the moon, star clusters in the milky way and spots on the surface of the sun. He was initially skeptical of Copernicus' theory however his observations and experiments affirmed his diagram of the universe. Critics attacked Galilei's findings. They said that his "discoveries" were ridiculous to believe and that it was only is imagination or dreams. Galilei wrote a letter to Dowager Grand Duchess trying to reconcile his astronomical observations with the Bible.
"Galileo was that guy who invented the telescope." This is what most people say when they think about Galileo. However, Galileo did not even invent the telescope; he only made improvements to it so it could be used for astronomy. Galileo did use it to make many important discoveries about astronomy, though; many of these discoveries helped to prove that the sun was the center of the galaxy. Galileo also made many important contributions to Physics; he discovered that the path of a projectile was a parabola, that objects do not fall with speeds proportional to their weight, and much more.
He is remembered as the father of astronomy and remains one of the most competent scientists in the field (Andrade, 1964). This essay will explore Galileo’s observation of the contradiction in Aristotle’s reasoning through mathematics, his struggle between church and science, as well as his contribution to astronomy with the invention of the telescope. Galileo came up with a very different approach in viewing the motion of falling objects. Unlike Aristotle, who viewed motion in terms of nature, Galileo focused strictly on the mathematical aspects (Finocchiaro, 1975). Galileo once said, “The universe cannot be read until we have learnt... ... middle of paper ... ...owledge consisted in observations and experiments.
With Galileo’s telescope, however, he was able to show that the sun rather than the earth was the center of the universe. Although this new discovery had a large scientific value, it had a larger impact to society on a religious level. &nb... ... middle of paper ... ...ls. This is exemplified in the book when the servants and priests refuse to be paid twice for their civil duties. These basic ideas are carried on into the nineteenth century and the period of the enlightenment.
Later at University of Padua he was exposed to a new theory, proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus, that the Earth and all the other planets revolved around the sun. Galileo's observations with his new telescope convinced him of the truth of Copernicus's sun-centered or heliocentric theory. In 1610, Galileo published a book, The Starry Messenger, describing his findings that supported the Copernican theory. Galileo's support for the heliocentric theory got him into trouble with the Roman Catholic Church. He was forced to abandon his astronomical pursuits.
He was dedicated passionately to circles. Kepler also became the founder of modern optics. His work in developing the Planetary Laws of Motion supersede all discoveries in celestial mechanics. His achievements proved many things in which today's modern scientist use. Kepler revealed one of the most famous discoveries in astronomy.
In 1613 he discovered that, when seen through the telescope, the planet Venus showed phases like those of the Moon, and therefore must orbit the Sun not the Earth. Scientists did not believe Galileo, but Galileo showed a marked tendency to use all his discoveries as evidence for Copernicanism. He seems to have made a lot of enemies by making his opponents look like fools.
Researh of Galileo Galilei The Italian physicist was born is Pisa on 15 February 1564 (see appendix B). He was the first of seven children. Galileo was educated by a tutor and his father, a nobleman and well known for musical studies. At the age of 11 he was sent to a local monastery where he, like other children of noble people studied Greek, Latin, religion and music. Following his father's wish, he continued his education, at the age of 17 he enrolled as a student of medicine at the University of Pisa in 1581.