Landing on the moon was a momentous event for not only Americans but for the entire world. The main topic of discussion will be whether or not human beings had the capability to put a man on the moon prior to 1969. The question that will be explored will be whether scientists in the era of the Greek and Roman’s philosophers and scientists and if they had accepted scientific testing of physical ideas and had been able to accept the failures of prior scientists, would space travel had been possible in the 16th century. A person who believed that space travel was possible prior to the first moon landing would have had to go off of the assumption that scientists and philosophers of the 17th century understood how the moon worked and how the gravitational forces worked upon the moon and Earth. Early astronomers and Greek Philosophers believed that the Earth was the center of the universe, and that gravity was thought to pull all things to the center of the universe.
In the late 1960’s and 1970’s NASA was still running off of their glory from winning the space race against the Soviet Union by putting a man on the Moon. A manned mission to Mars or a journey to the many Moons of Saturn seemed right around the corner. Project Orion, for example, was a space project that had planned for a nuclear bomb powered rocket to take men and supplies to the far away Saturn Moon of Orion. “It would have been enormously risky,” says Freeman Dyson (Folger), who was one of the astronauts which volunteered to go on the Project Orion rocket. Any person in the capsule would be subject to large amounts of radiation.
United States started up its own space travel program and started to work on its own projects that would be better in than the Soviet Union's. This all started the great space race. It was a big race between the Soviet Union and the United States to see who could learn and discover the most. The United States and Soviet Union started building and sending satellites and space ships. Then they tried to see who could make a suit and ship that would be able to allow a living thing to go up in space.
Exploration of space can be traced back to 1609 when Galileo Galilei made significant improvements to the telescope, allowing humans to observe mountains and craters on the moon’s surface (Horowitz 1). This gave birth to the idea that man could explore or inhabit different planets. Recently, countries have been working together in order to enhance the information obtained from space exploration. In 1981, the Soviet Union, Japan, Europe, and the United States formed the Inter-Agency Consultative Group (IACG) to coordinate matters concerning the arrival of Halley’s Comet in five years. The information exchanged between the five space craft was invaluable to studying the comet.
Recently, NASA has been spending billions of dollars in researching our second nearest planet, Mars. In understanding the scientific importance that such research can mean, the United States is justified in spending this money on NASA space missions to Mars. President John F. Kennedy said in 1961 that he believed that the United States could put a man on the moon before the end of the decade. Unfortunately, he never lived to see this prophetic feat performed. But in July of 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped foot on the moon before live audiences around the world.
Due to the failures, time has been given for scientists to blueprint a credible and step-by-step search for life on the Red Planet. Without the pressure to return Martian samples to Earth any time soon, new schemes for automated, on-the-spot detection of past or present Mars life can be flown. Recently, two probes were sent back and they made it to Mars. They landed on the South Polar Caps of Mars. That is where NASA plans to find water.
The Space Shuttle Columbia disaster was only part of his reasoning for announcing a new direction for NASA. A reason not as well known is the current lack of any direction for NASA. Other than sending probes and robots to Deep Space and Mars, NASA has continued to upgrade current projects like the Hubble Space Telescope.  Not since the design of the Space Shuttle around 1980 has a new and demanding project been given to NASA. It is essential that the brilliant minds at NASA be pushed to greatness.
2069 AD The first human permanent settlement is established on the Luna (Sol III-B), the event is planned to coincide with the first moon landing. 2075 AD Cryogenic hibernation is developed and perfected to help the exploration of the solar system reducing the amount of resources a long term mission would require. 2090 AD Computing power allows the creation of artificial intelligence. The programming necessary to properly create one unit make the process expensive and greatly limits the use to several scientific AI. Upload of conscience considered but not followed after the protest of Human Rights organizations.
Technolo... ... middle of paper ... ...ng and all the other planets and the sun revolved around it. Look how crazy it is to think that now. It isn’t crazy because it is fact that earth isn’t the center. Technology and knowledge has brought us across great voids that we thought weren’t possible to attempt. We flew to the moon in 1969, but now we have the power to fly to Mars.
Originally planned to launch in 1986, the Hubble Space Telescope has seen its share of problems. Starting with the explosion of the Challenger space shuttle, the Hubble's birth into space was delayed four years (Raven). On April 24, 1990, NASA put the telescope into orbit, only to discover that its primary mirror had a systematic aberration. To fix the problem, a mission in December 1993 set out on the space shuttle Endeavor. The astronauts of the Endeavor replaced the High Speed Photometer with the Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement (COSTAR).