As I have described in The Lost Worlds of 2001, both projects proceeded simultaneously, with feedback in each direction. Thus I often had the strange experience of revising the manuscript after viewing rushes based upon an earlier version of the story - a stimulating but rather expensive way of writing a novel. As a result, there is a much closer parallel between book and movie than is usually the case, but there is also major differences. In the novel, the destination of the spaceship Discovery was Iapetus (or Japetus), most enigmatic of Saturn's many moons. The Saturnian system was reached via Jupiter: Discovery made a close approach to the giant planet, using its enormous gravitational field to produce a "slingshot" effect and to accelerate it along the second lap of its journey. Exactly the same maneuver was used by the Voyager space-probes in 1979, when they made the first detailed reconnaissance of the outer
Over 200 million Megatons of dynamite collide with Jupiter. In July 1994 Shoemaker - Levy 9 collided with Jupiter. What is Shoemaker - Levy 9, and how was it discovered? What is Jupiter, and why did Shoemaker - Levy 9 collide with it? Can an event like this happen to Earth? I will answer these questions in this report. But let me start by telling you what Shoemaker - Levy 9 is.
JUNO is a NASA mission to the planet Jupiter. The Juno spacecraft is scheduled to launch aboard an Atlas V-551 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fla., in Aug. 2011. (www.nasa.gov). It will take 5 years to reach Jupiter, arriving in July 2016. It will orbit Jupiter 33 times. The purpose of the mission is to explore Jupiter’s structure and atmosphere. The main aim of this mission is to understand how the planet Jupiter originated and thus help us understand the evolution of the gas giants. This knowledge will also reflect upon our understanding of the origins of the Universe. The spacecraft will be placed in a polar orbit to study the planet's composition, gravity field, magnetic field, and polar magnetosphere. Juno will also search to see whether the planet has a rocky core and investigate the amount of water present within the planet’s atmosphere. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, CA is managing the Juno mission for Dr. Scott Bolton of Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, Texas. The spacecraft is being built by Lockheed Martin of Denver. Scientists from 5 countries ha...
The objectives of the Mariner 10 spacecraft were the foundations to influence a great scientific change in history. The primary objectives were the main reasons Mariner 10 lifted off. Measurements of environments, atmospheres, surfaces, and body characteristics were to take place (“Mariner 10” Mariner 1). Mercury’s core needed to be studied. Venus’s interaction with the solar wind and the way sun particles affected the planet needed to be explored (Howell 2). Secondary objectives included experiments being performed and the process of using the gravitational pull of one planet to reach another (“Mariner 10” Mariner 1).
Europa was discovered alongside the other Jovian moons of Jupiter (Io, Ganymede, Callisto) by Galileo Galilei on January 8th, 1610. It is the Sixth closest moon to planet Jupiter and sixth largest moon in the Solar System. It takes Europa roughly every 3.5days to orbit Jupiter and spins just once per orbit which is why it shows the same face to Jupiter all the time (similar to Earth’s moon). It is also roughly the size of earth’s moon with water ice on its surface.1 Since the orbit of Europa is eccentric, it produces a higher tide when it is closer to Jupiter than when it is farther away. During close flybys by the Galileo space craft, scientist were able to describe the interior of Europa which shows that it has about 200km thick of an outer layer of water, an intermediary rocky mantle, and an inner core which is believed to be composed of iron sulfide and iron. All the waters in Europa’s shell are believed to be twice the total volume of Earth’s oceans. Galileo magnetometer also shows a magnetic field surrounding Europa which is induced by Jupiter. This has led to a possi...
A major factor in the initiation of this spacecraft mission was the coincidental alignment of the outer planets would occur in the late 1970s and enable a single probe to visit Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune by taking advantage of the then-new technique of gravity assists. Since the Voyager II was to go out of man’s reach, the structure design, communications, and the spacecraft’s power had to be genuinely unique to last centuries out in the vastness of space. Its launch site was at Cape Canaveral on August 20, 1977, aboard a Titan-Centaur rocket. It flew by Jupiter on July 9, 1979; Saturn on August 25, 1981; Uranus on January 24, 1986; Neptune on August 25, 1989. According to NASA, by 2030, Voyager 2 is expected to cross the heliopause-the
Philae was sent into space with the purpose of investigating the surface of a comet that was orbiting the earth. It was not able to be launched from earth all the way to the comet, and therefore had to be deployed from Rosetta. One of the challenges with this is that Philae was not able to be steered, so after it was launched from Rosetta, Philae had no way of being directed specifically to the comet. Scientists had to hope that their calculations were correct, and that it was launched at the exactly right time.
In the story of Desertion, much change had taken place, and the earth along with the planets neighboring earth had become uninhabitable. With much research, scientist were able to figure out a way to create and sustain life on other planets, but they all would become incapable of supporting humans as well. The only planet that had the ability to be a successful living place for the people in this story, who were now living in space pods, was Jupiter. Jupiter was far from the ideal planet to live on however and the challenges that had to be beaten to make Jupiter hospitable were almost impossible. This story follows the journey of a man named Fowler who had the difficult task of figuring out how to make Jupiter a suitable place for humans to live. This task that Fowler had to complete turned out to be than just figuring out if Jupiter would be sustainable place to live, as the journey lead Fowler to figure out who we was and truly find his Inner peace in such a hard time.
The discovery of sea salt is considered to be a scientific adventure in the search for life on other worlds, since it may mean that Europa’s sea is interrelated to its surface, which could be a factor in whether or not there is life on the moon of Jupiter.