explanatory Essay
1695 words
1695 words

A genetically modified organism, or GMO for short is defined by as “an organism or microorganism whose genetic material has be altered by means of genetic engineering.” To fully understand the history of GMOs one first must know a short history of agriculture in our country. Humans transitioned to a subsistence type of farming lifestyle around 10,000 years ago. This lifestyle was consistent in the United States up until the late 1800’s or the industrial revolution. When the industrial revolution started 4 out of every 5 people of lived on farms or in the country. That is a large amount considering that less than 1.5% of the population continue that lifestyle today (3).
The industrial revolution sparked change in America and developed technology that would change agriculture forever. Some of the major changes have been increased technology which made it easier to harvest crops without a large labor force, a sustained increase in population, which raised the demand for food products, and immigration from the country into cities (10). These dramatic changes sparked a use for GMO’s in agriculture.
Before scientists could begin to genetically engineer organisms they first needed to understand DNA. In the 1860’s Greggory Mendel was one of the first scientists to do research on genetics and DNA. He studied pea plants and the inheritance of certain traits past down from the parent plants to their offspring. In the 1950’s Francis Crick and James Watson helped make the discovery of DNA and later made a model of the double helix structure. From this point on it was widely accepted that a person’s heredity can be determined by the genes that are passed on from their parents (16).
With the discovery and understanding of gen...

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...California was hit with an unexpected freeze which cost the Orange Industry over 600 million dollars’ worth of damage (19).
According to a study published by the United Nations in June of 2013, “The current world population of 7.2 billion is projected to increase by 1 billion over the next 12 years and reach 9.6 billion by 2050.” That is a very large amount of population growth in such a short period of time. So what does this mean for agriculture? It means that more food will have to be produced on less farmland due to more houses going up. Feeding the population 30 years from now could become an issue. Many people oppose genetically modified foods. They believe that there will be negative side effects that will arise in the future. It is my hope that with the help of genetically modified foods it can be done as efficiently and effectively as possible.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that a genetically modified organism is an organism whose genetic material has been altered by means of genetic engineering.
  • Explains that the industrial revolution sparked change in america and developed technology that would change agriculture forever.
  • Explains that greggory mendel was one of the first scientists to do research on genetics and dna, and francis crick and james watson helped make the discovery of dna.
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