Fuqua and Kurpius (1993) have identified eight conceptual models of organizational consultation, but for the purpose of this report the focus will only be placed on the strategic planning model:
Fuqua and Kurpius (1993), defines strategic planning as a model that facilitates change and development within the organization. When compared to other processes of planning, the strategic planning model has been distinguished by Fuqua and Kurpius (1993) as: focussing more on the process than the product; making use of visions that can be easily distinguished from the steps that need to be taken in order to achieve those visions; placing an emphasis on the involvement of all possible stakeholders; characterizing change as a meaningful force not merely as barrier; being, fluid, long term and perceptive and being dedicated to the future survival of individuals that take part in the process of planning.
According to Fox (as cited in Fuqua & Kurpius, 1993) planning can be distinguished in terms of six questions:
1. What is your current situation (in terms of your environment, operations and current capacity)?
2. What do you want to achieve (expectations and anticipations, possibilities and goals)?
3. What opportunities or barriers are identifiable that will have an impact on movement towards wanted goals (laws, competition with other organizations, developing technology)?
4. How do you achieve the desired goals (procedures, action plans and resources)?
5. Who is responsible for facilitating the change (the entire organization, staff, and outsiders)?
6. How do you evaluate results (priorities, production, financial plans, and controls)?
Fuqua and Kurpius (1993) states that if an organization has logical, well-formulated answers to all of the...
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...of the specific action plans. Goals and policies may need to be revised and extended. Evaluation and reprocessing indicated that strategic planning continuous process that requires ongoing revision, adjustments and improvements (Fuqua & Kurpius, 1993).
From the abovementioned it becomes clear that the strategic planning model shares various characteristics with other models, for instance the making of decisions, the solving of problems and process consultation (Fuqua & Kurpius, 1993). The strategic planning model does, however, have a number of distinctive features, including its emphasis on the future and its focus on cultivating a vision that view the organization in its futuristic, rather than present, state. The process of strategic planning leads to organizations that are more adaptive and that are more prepared for the future (Fuqua & Kurpius, 1993).