Fundamentals of Financial Statements
Starting a business requires much time, commitment and patience. The ultimate goal of most businesses is to be professionally and financially successful. In order to show the progress of the business operations, meticulous financial statements must be kept. This statement communicates economic information about the business to individuals involved in making decisions and judgment. According to the University of Phoenix 2006, "An entity's financial statements are the end product of a process that starts with transactions between the entity and other organizations and individuals."
Connie Rochce started a cookie business in November 1986. Developed was a business plan and place people to assist. Connie was concerned, needed was someone to maintain the financial accounts. Aunt Connie's Cookies, financial statement for November and December are reviewed along with a suggestion to expand her operation.
The transactions in Connie's financial statement addressed the balance sheet, income statement and statement of cash flows. Reviewed will be a few transactions in the balance sheet and income statement. Connie's initial transaction of depositing $80,000 into her account to start her business increased her property. This transaction increased the company's equity and was added to balance the account. According to the University of Phoenix (2006), "the balance sheet is sometimes called the statement of financial position because it summarizes the entity's resources (assets), obligations (liabilities), and owners' claims (owners' equity)". Kitchen and office equipment were purchased along with supplies. With theses three transactions she also increased her property. Purchasing the supplies increased her debt but still added value to the operation of the business. Meeting her obligation of the first sale increased revenue, this was shown in the income statement. This statement will show Connie whether the business is operating at a profit or loss. Greta (1998) stated the following:
The balance sheet can show how financially sound a company is. The income statement can answer every investor's central question: "How much money are they making?" Even more important, the income statement can provide a solid basis for forecasting future profits.
If Aunt Connie was seeking a loan to expand her business the financial statement can show income in advance. Aunt Connie can, in good faith, accept a future order from a client. Connie can show this transaction as income received in advance and a liability under unearned revenue. During the process of balancing the books the income received in advance would be entered as an adjustment.