Thousands of people were affected in Japan and are still recovering. Some may never be the same again such as the radiation levels around Fukushima. As a result of the earthquake through which was caused by the shifting of the tectonic plates a 10m tsunami was triggered off the East coast of Japan. This is what caused the most damage out of all the events that happened. The tsunami effected people as soon as it hit land and its effects are still being felt today.
The death toll climbs to over 10,000 and is still rising (Branigan 2). The disaster in Japan began without warning on Friday March 11, 2011 at 2:46pm with a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, the strongest ever recorded in the country (Fackler 3). A massive thirty-three foot high tsunami, generated by the earthquake, swept over lands in northern Japan, taking objects and debris with it. To make matters worse, the tsunami caused the cooling systems at several nuclear power plants to fail. The disaster in Japan was a tragic event, and it had a plethora of causes and effects.
The earthquake has also caused the earth to move between 4 and 6.5 (10–16cm) inches on its axis. This earthquake caused the tsunami because when the earthquake happened it suddenly shifted the sea floor in vertical motion, which moved the water Colum above it. This process started a series of giant waves called a tsunami. For the Japanese government this was the worst thing that could happen to them in the way that they lost a lot of citizens but also financially. This effected not only the Japanese government with damage costs but also the manufacturing business, exporting business and the insurance business.
On April 26th 1986 located in Ukraine the catastrophic and disastrous nuclear accident occurred labeled “The Chernobyl Disaster” occurred. The catastrophe is recorded to be the worst nuclear power-plant accident to date and the first classified as a level seven event on the International Nuclear Event Scale. The estimated cost of the damage inflicted is a total of eighteen billion rubles. The loss of life sparked by the ordeal official thirty-one people by direct cause. The disaster has had a prolonged effect to environmental and health fields.
On March 11, 2011 a catastrophe hit Japan like nothing it has ever experienced. A tsunami that followed a 9.0 magnitude earthquake wreaked havoc along a huge stretch of Japan’s north-east coast. It was hugely affected and there was much destruction in these parts. There was much devastation after the earthquake and the tsunami, followed by the explosion of the Fukushima nuclear plant. This incident was definitely felt by people of Japan and will have great affects on the people and the economy.
The main concern most people have over this incident was this question; was this disaster avoidable or unavoidable? When the earthquake reached the powerplant, the electricity supply to the reactor cooling systems failed and shortly after, the tsunami destroyed the emergency backup generators. Reactors 1, 2 and 3 began to meltdown and exploded not long after. When the earthquake was finished, control rods were activated to stop the nuclear reactors from heating water into steam that would turn the turbines and create electricity. Due to the power being shut down, the cooling systems weren’t working and the water inside started to boil creating more steam , which reacted with the fuel rods and produced hydrogen gas.
The tsunami, created by the earthquake sent powerful waves into the land mass of Japan, devastating many coastal areas. Recognized as one of the most powerful earthquakes to have been recorded in modern times, The Tohoku earthquake and related effects resulted in an estimated $235 billion in damages (Zhang 1). Located along the North-East coast of Japan, the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, managed by Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), was one of the most distinct pieces of infrastructure damaged in the wake of the earthquake and tsunami. Initially after detection of the e... ... middle of paper ... ...2014. . Starr, Steven.
Inside 2 of the reactors, the overheated hydrogen caused explosions that damaged the facilities and sent a huge amount of radioactive materials and nuclear radiations to Fukushima, and the other areas that surrounds it, especially to Japan’s neighbors North and South Koreans. (McCurry 2012) When the water injection at unit 1 and 2 failed, the pressure vessels of unit 1 was opened and damaged its building, that is where the seawater injected the vessels of unit 1. At the exact moment, the hydrogen inside unit 3 exploded and damaged the outside structure of the reactor. Moments after the explosion, the water level of the emergency cooling system in unit 2 was low, that is when the injection operation at the pressure level of the reactor 2 started. Followed by another explosion occurred in unit 2 and affected on unit 4, which sat unit 4 on fire, but the fire was cooled down immediately.
The UCC was convicted and blamed for the gas leak, and was mined millions of dollars. 1986- Chernobyl nuclear accident Occurred on the 26th of April, at the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl, Ukraine. Overheating of the reactors, which caused an explosion and a fire that released radioactive particles into the atmosphere. Radioactive clouds formed, and spread across vast areas of Europe. The clean up of the accident included 500,000 workers and 31 people died from the explosion.
An earthquake occurs abruptly and causes severs damage to people, property, landscape and more. A great mega-thrust earthquake, known as the Great Tohoku Earthquake has shaken Japan at 5:46:24 UTC on March 11, 2011. It caused a severe disaster, including tsunami and nuclear radiation exposure.. This mega-quake located at the latitude 38.297 degree North and longitude of 142.372 degree East, near the east coast of Honshu, Japan (USGS, 2013). An earthquake and tsunami waves caused widespread damage to many areas of Japan.