thoughts and theories evolving throughout time. The purpose of this essay is to summarize the development of anthropological theory from the late nineteenth century to the present twenty-first century. The concept of Degeneratism was a widely popular theory spanning from the Renaissance to the early nineteenth century. Degeneratism is “a biblical based explanation of cultural diversity… [where] prior to the destruction of the Tower of Babel, all people belonged to God. Whe... ... middle of paper .
Cultural anthropology is a social science that studies the origins and development of human societies (History World International, 2001). Many theories to explain cultural variations among humans have emerged. As a result, numerous anthropological schools of thought have been established based on these theories since the nineteenth century. These schools of thought encompass the dominant beliefs about culture during a time period and are constantly changing as new knowledge is acquired. As schools
providing explanations and models for the evolution of the human race as a single entity. In 1804, the interest in the study of man led to a principle for the study of human facts, this principle is known today as the concept of evolution. Even though this concept was brought about way before Darwin had published Origin of Species (1859), this early thinking provided the starting point for 19th century anthropologist. Nevertheless, after Darwin’s theory of evolution and natural selection had been published