This was due to the various laws and social morals that were sustained for over 100 years throughout the United States. However, what the world didn’t know was that African Americans were a strong ethnic group and these oppressions and suffrage enabled African Americans for greatness. It forced African Americans to constantly have to explore alternative routes of intellectuality, autonomy and other opportunities to achieve the “American Dream” especially after the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments were passed after the Civil War. This type of integration that they pursued helped them realize their full potential and created their political self-determination, which dates back to as far as the 18th century at the African Methodist Episcopal Church by Richard Allen. The question is, is how did they do it?
ABC-CLIO eBook Collection. Web. 25 May 2011. Ware, Leland. “Black Power Movement.” Encyclopedia of African American Popular Culture.
The Encyclopedia of African-American Heritage. New York: Facts on File, Inc.,, 1997. Colliers Encyclopedia. New York: P. F. Collier, 1996. Encyclopedia Americana, International Version.
However, the Civil War then changed the lifestyle of many southerners in a negative way. After the Civil War, slavery was abolished and any man owning a slave was required to let them free and view them as an equal. This was a difficult thing to do and eventually led to a downfall and destroyed economy in the southern United States. Abolishing slavery hurt the country economically and socially at the time and slavery was socially acceptable. For example, abolishing slavery in the United States was unfair towards the South.
<http://www.unc.edu/course/eng81br1/harlem.html.> Haskins, Jim. The Harlem Renaissance. Brookfield, CT: The Millbrook Press, 1996. Hornsby, Jr., Alton. “Black Americans.” The World Book Encyclopedia.
Born in Slavery: The Slavery Narratives from the Federal Writer’s Project, 1936-1938. Georgia Narratives. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/snhtml/snhome.html. King, Charlie. The Library of Congress.
"black Loyalists during the Revolutionary War." Atlas of African-American History, Revised Edition. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2007. African-American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?