Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory Analyzes Modern Day Texts

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From the time of the Victorian Era, theorists have analyzed the mind and how it works. Many consider Sigmund Freud the father of psychology. According to Freudian theory, humans are controlled by three personalities throughout life; the id, ego, and super ego. However, we are not born with all three. Instead, “we are born with our id” (“Structural Model”). At the age of three, the second part of the unconscious mind, the ego, is developed. Later, when the child is five, or ending his or her phallic stage of development, the super ego structure is developed (“Structural Development”). Using psychoanalytic theory, we are able to analyze many modern day texts. Throughout the novels Batman: The Dark Knight Returns (hereafter referred to as B: DKR) by Frank Miller and Shutter Island by Dennis Lehane, the main characters have similar and different characteristics. Through their novels, we see the main characters from Batman: Dark Knight Returns and Shutter Island specifically, Bruce Wayne and Teddy Williams respectively, living their everyday lives while dealing with struggles, hardships, and prosperity. Thus, this essay analyzes the lives of the character from both modern texts using Sigmund Freud’s concept of the id, ego, and super ego. The id is in the unconscious part of the mind and is also known as our primitive instincts that “seek satisfaction in accordance with the Pleasure Principle” (“Id”). Furthermore, “(t)he Pleasure Principle states that people see pleasure and avoid pain” (“Pleasure Principle”). As a newborn, the id (our initial structure of our personality) thinks in an animalist, manner not caring for anything other than its personal satisfaction (“Id, Ego, and Super-ego”). For example, when a baby is hungry or needs... ... middle of paper ... ...ehane’s Shutter Island, it is noted that both books deal with the two very complex lives of Bruce Wayne as Batman and Teddy Daniels the U.S Marshal respectively and how they manage on a day to day basis. Therefore, this essay analyzes the characters from Batman: The Dark Knight Returns and Shutter Island using Freud’s concept of the id, ego, and super ego. Works Cited • “Id, Ego, and Super Ego.” Wikipedia. n.p, n.d. Web. 13 Dec 2010. • Lehane, Dennis. Shutter Island. New York: HarperCollins Publisher, 2003. Print, • Miller, Frank, and Klaus Janson, and Lynn Varley. Batman: The Dark Knight Returns. New York: D.C Comics, 2002. Print. • “Pleasure Principle.” Wikipedia. n.p, n.d. Web. 13 Dec 2010. • “Reality Principle.” Wikipedia. n.p, n.d. Web. 13 Dec 2010. • “Structural Development.” Allpsych. n.p, 23 Sept 2002. Web. 13 Dec 2010.

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