He goes into states where he lacks mental insight, making rash decisions without thinking about the future or consequences. One of his biggest downfalls because of this shortsightedness is that he does not realize that his destiny is solely in the hands of the gods. After Oedipus is told as a young boy about the prophecy of his life, he can not "see" how he is destined to marry his mother and kill his father. Furthermore, because of his lack of insight he truly believes that he can move without the Oracle’s prophecy following him. No matter what Oedipus does, he has no control over what the gods have predetermined.
Achilles, the hero from the Iliad explains his thoughts on the matter, “I hate that man like the very Gates of Death / who says one thing but hides another in his heart” (Knox, 37). Bernard Knox who wrote the introduction to the Odyssey explains how Odysseus prides himself on his ability to cover and manipulate the truth. Bernard also says, “He will gladly employ deceit to win victory” (Knox, 38). A hero is a man of honor with a noble purpose and heart, but Odysseus has neither. The main characteristics of a hero are that they can do heroic things, but retain their nobility.
Of their gods there was: Zeus the master of the gods and spiritual father of all people and gods, Athena the god of wisdom, Apollo the god of light, poetry, and music, Dionysus the god of wine and pleasure (also the most popular). Those are but a few of the gods involved in the lives of Ancient Greeks. Worship and beliefs emphasized the weakness of humans in contrast to the strong powers of nature. As is exhibited in Oedipus where he can not outrun his fate no matter what action he takes. Oedipus was so preoccupied with avoiding his fate that he blindly was led right to it.
As Oedipus argues with Tiresias, he says in return, “You blame my temper but you do not see your own that lives within you; it is me you chide” (369-72). Oedipus is doomed to his fate so he uses his freewill to purge the truth (WowEssays). He uses this illusion to control his life so he doesn’t feel so scared of the prophecy ever coming true. He goes to his hometown Thebes to get away from the prophecy, and while he was on the road he murders his father not knowing that it was his real father, fulfilling one part of the prophecy. When he arrived in Thebes he married his own mother, Jocasta, and believed he was the king of Thebes.
Granted, Oedipus speaks this unaware that the prophecy ended up coming true overall, on the contrary when he finds out this truth he accepts his horrible reality. Nevertheless his pride denies him of the reality of the truth and ceases him to believe that he in fact
Supportive readers of Aristotle’s works point out that the great-souled man lacks basic human decency and is exceedingly attached to honour. If the great-souled man does not think anything is great, yet devotes his entire existence to attaining superiority and greatness, no satisfaction will ever come from the attainment of greatness and honour due to the fact that according to Aristotle the great-souled man receives no pleasure from praise of honour itself. Furthermore, according to William David Ross the great-souled man portrays self-absorption, which is considered the bad side of Aristotle’s ethics. WILLIAM ROSS p.217 FOOTNOTE. Overall I believe that the great-souled man that Aristotle describes is an incoherent and not altogether pleasing human type.
Here comes another important aspect to grasp from Plato’s philosophy: the existence of Forms – Ideals. To him, the true was what did not change. Opinions change, beliefs change, but forms – or ideas - do not as they are universal. Nor are they divisible and could be represented in the material form. The people of ancient Greece were considered by him to be obsessed with that which changes over time; since the forms were universal, the people mistakenly called all beautiful things the good things and took opinions for ideas.
The attributes of knowledge, certainty, and justice, all of which Oedipus possessed, brought about his downfall by clouding the light of the truth. As the sphinx plagues and terrors Thebes, Oedipus is held above men as a savior possessing the attributes of divinity. He too believed himself to be ...
He wants to be a strong ruler, with no one questioning his authority, or challenging his power. This desire comes from a root of instability and illegitimacy. Creon’s first element of pride is to have a chorus that is loyal to him. If Creon could not even prove the legitimacy of his line to h... ... middle of paper ... ... discusses the conflict between the will of the god’s versus the will of man, and what right Polynices even had to being buried. According to Greek culture, Creon had ever right to make a decree stating that Polynices need not be buried within city limits; however, he was going too far in his decree of no burial at all.
The chorus claims that no "man on Earth wins more of happiness than a seeming and after that turn[s] away" (Sophocles 64).1 Oedipus turns himself away from happiness because he believes that he is already happy. In his hubris, he becomes the agent of his own destruction. He serves as the paradigm for the self-deluding and self-destructive spirit of the human condition. Oedipus is a man of great wit and cleverness. He has solved the riddle of the Sphinx and even Teresias says: "It’s in riddle answering you are strongest" (29).