By April 1794, the hostile Austrians and Prussians are almost completely defeated (The DBQ Project 41). All the while, when battling the two countries, France’s three clear purposes were “to protect the new government; to spread the revolutionary ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity beyond its borders; and to punish French émigrés” (The DBQ Project 43). This further proves how revolutionaries had no reason to fight but to defend the Republic. When punishing émigrés, the leaders ensured that no Frenchmen would challenge the innovative ideals, especially because it was harder to unearth them in other countries... ... middle of paper ... ... Terror was justified due to several reasons. Foreign countries proclaimed war against the revolution in order to protect their own, tyrannical government.
1789--Fall of the Bastille--a state prison--symbol of royal authority, oppression and privilege; July 14 even today is a national holiday in France "Bastille Day." Tom Paine, Declaration of the Right sof Men and Citizens (1789), a manifesto against the hierarchical society of noble privilege, but not in favor of democracy, does provide for social distinctions. A belief in constitutionalism. Sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. (In the US, in "we the people).
Napoleon Betrayed the Revolution In order to investigate the claim that ‘Napoleon betrayed the revolution’, it has to be determined what is the French revolution? And what are the revolutionary ideals that Napoleon allegedly betrayed? If Napoleon betrayed the Revolution then he betrayed the ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity. However if Napoleon did not betray the revolution, he consolidated the revolutionary ideals. The only way of determining whether Napoleon consolidated or betrayed the revolution is to explore his actions such as his military success, Dictatorship and social reforms.
Was the Terror of 1793/4 inherent from the revolutions outset or was it the product of exceptional circumstance? In this essay I shall try to find whether the Terror was inherent from the French revolutions outset or was it the product of exceptional circumstances. The French revolution is the dividing line between the Ancien Regime and the modern world. After France the hierarchy that societies of the time had been founded on began to change and they began to sweep away the intricate political structures of absolute monarchy, but however to achieve this was the Terror absolutely necessary? And was it planned/ or was it just the extraordinary circumstances, which the French had lead themselves into once they had deposed of Louis the sixteenth.
Assessment of the French Revolution The radical phase of the French Revolution was the time when the Reign of Terror began. The radicalism (change in political and social condition of France) started with the emerged of republican (a system of no king) view among the people of France especially the Jacobins. Those who wanted republican became more active aiming to overthrow the king by finding faults on him. What they hoped was aided by King Louis XVI himself after he tried to escape from France to join the émigrés forces over the frontier but failed and his veto on several decrees such as decree by which I January 1792 was the fixed day on which the émigrés must be return to France or be sentenced to death, decree concerning non-juring priest and the formation of an army to protect Paris had led him to be distrust by the people and further strengthen the republican view. Other factors that led to the radical phase was the external event whereby with the Declaration of Pillnitz and Manifesto war break out between the Great Powers , Belgium, Holland against the revolutionary army.
He favored a republic over a constitutional monarchy. When Napoleon came to power, he immediately consolidated personal power by overthrowing the five-man Directory and created a Republic. Napoleon used his status and power during the Revolution to bring out and surface Revolution ideals and help his people. Napoleon’s role in European history was the savior of the French Revolution due to the fact he accomplished most objectives that the people hoped for. Goals of the French Revolution included overthrowing the old regime of an absolute monarch, write a basic and worthy constitution, and give more rights to the third estate and limit the first and second estates power in the Estates-General.
The French Revolution was a civil revolt that broke out in France against the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church, which lasted from 1789-1799. This resulted in the establishment of France as a republic, democratic government and caused the Roman Catholic Church’s necessity, as well as its power to be questioned. The French Revolution ended the thousand-year rule of the monarchy in France and began when King Louis XVI gathered representatives from the 3 social groups called the Clergy, the Nobilities and the Commoners to solve a great national debt and economic crisis France was experiencing. The American Revolution is believed to have greatly influenced the French, and may have inspired the French Revolution. As the French had a crucial role in the American Revolutionary War, and funded the Americans in their revolution, revolutionary ideas of freedom and independence were spread amongst the two nations, inspiring the French to start their own Revolution.
Essentially, he thought that the government rested on the will of the people and spread ideas to men like Robespierre. Robespierre led one of the most radical periods of the French Revolution known as the Reign of Terror. He led the Jacobins from 1793 to 1794, who were a radical republican group that made up most of The National Convention. The National Convention was the new government in France at the time. The period that he led the Jacobins was also the period of the Reign of Terror, a deathly phase of the revolution when thousands of lives were lost to the guillotine.
In order to reach his goal of completely reconstructing France, Robespierre unleashed a campaign of terror. Terror was used to enforce his revolutionary ideas, but the radicalization eventually lead to the downfall of Maximilian Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety. Maximillian Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety used excessive terror to enforce new revolutionary changes during the French Revolution. After the old French government was overthrown, Maximillian Robespierre took control of France in 1793. Robespierre wanted to change the social and economic structure of France for the better, spreading equality throughout France.
Evaluate the view that revolutionaries consolidated power: Introduction Following the French Revolution, the National Convention and Robespierre as the head of the Committee of Public Safety, employed drastic measures to achieve their goals, however managed to successfully consolidate power as demonstrated by the overall success of the revolution. Whilst the revolution itself was a momentous undertaking, nothing was quite as dramatic as the execution of King Louis XVI that was orchestrated by the National Convention. “The king must die so that the country can live.” This ushered in a new era in France’s history and meant the revolutionaries would have to work hard to secure power given the hostile reaction to the execution by both internal and foreign threats. The day after Louis XVI fell victim to the guillotine the Convention created the first Republic of France and founded the Committee of Public Safety which was to become France’s new de facto executive government to deal with ever increasing external threats to the revolution. Under Robespierre’s radical leadership the Republic endured hard-fought years of power.