Good Essays
The economic, political and social consequences of the war lasted well into the 1920’s and 1930’s. The French people were in desperate need of a core hope and the government believed the answer would arrive in the form of the Treaty of Versailles executed by world leaders in June 1919. French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau recognized the visible opportunities provided within the treaty. He wanted to ensure the terms were not specious and void of any finite characteristics capable of solving France’s long term needs. The time was supposed to be a period of peace, yet it was marred with increasing economic woes. Clemenceau demanded Germany pay financial reparations for the destruction caused to the French economy. The bitter rivalry between the two states went deeper than just the previous four years of war. In many ways France wanted pay back for the losses they suffered during the Franco-Prussian War. If the war were fought for any one purpose, it was to regain the lost regions of Alsace and Lorraine. When they were returned to France, close to million people were back in their homeland. This immediate boost in population did little to improve the economic outlook for the country. Much of the French infrastructure was damaged in the war. The war waged in northern France resulted in the destruction of roads, bridges and rail lines. Profitable coal mines, factories, public buildings and homes were destroyed. Millions of acres of farmland were no longer viable. In 1919 levels of agricultural and industrial production were around 45 percent below those of 1913 (Bury, p. 256) This pushed the government closer to campaign to ensure that Germany paid their due.
Germany began making payments to France, primarily with money b...

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...tion that Jews were ruling and running France (Conklin, p. 185). The fact that Stavisky was Jewish contributed to the animus the right-wing had toward this scandal. The right-wing launched a staunch campaign of demonstrations focused on anti-Semitism, xenophobia and anti-government, particularly against the parliament. Radical Prime Minister Chautemps was forced to resign after serving two months in office, which set a dangerous precedent by giving way to pressure from demonstrators. This triggered massive riots on the streets of Paris on February 6, 1934. Mass demonstrations converged on the Chamber of Deputies while Communists took to the streets to “protest against the regime of profit and scandal” in the name of workers everywhere. The riots were instigated by Action Française with the intent of overthrowing the government and forcibly removing the parliament.
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