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Freedom of Media: Big Brother and 1984

Better Essays
In 1949, George Orwell wrote one of the most influential and relevant scientific fiction books of modern time. The book critiques the rule of totalitarian governments using subtle and not so subtle satire. The book reveals the dangers of a government gaining too much power over its citizens. The government can abuse its abundance of authority by controlling all of the media available to the citizens. In 1984, Orwell fears government control of media because it helped brainwash and control the citizens in Nazi Germany and the USSR and today it continues to inhibit free will and thought in areas such as China and Russia.
Several times throughout 1984, Orwell emphasizes the dangers of the government having total control of the media. The government holds a tight rein over the large population of the proles by producing all of the media they have access to. When referring to the Party’s control over the media he says “the primary job was not to reconstruct the past but to supply the citizens of Oceania… with every conceivable kind of information (Orwell 43).” Orwell fears that this control over the supply of all information, which is announced and broadcasted through the media, leads to mindless citizens and brainwashed children. Winston’s work in the Ministry of Truth makes “it is now impossible for any human being to prove by documentary evidence that the war with Eurasia ever occurred (Orwell 183).” The governments control over history leads to citizens easily believing what they hear in the media and even if someone does not believe there is nothing they can do to disprove it. This control of history reveals the powerful truth that “who controls the past control the future (Orwell 248).” When the government is able to control t...

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...is to advance the freedom of thought.

Works Cited

Denyer, Simon. "Chinese Journalists Face Tighter Censorship, Marxist Retraining." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 10 Jan. 2014. Web. 16 May 2014. < http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/chinese>.
Macfarquhar, Neil. "Russia Quietly Tightens Reins on Web With ‘Bloggers Law’." The New York Times. The New York Times Company, 06 May 2014. Web. 16 May 2014. .
"Nazi Propaganda and Censorship." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 16 May 2014. .
Newth, Mette. "The Long History of Censorship." Beacon for Freedom of Expression. National Library of Norway, 2010. Web. 16 May 2014. .
Orwell, George. 1984. NewYork: Signet, 1950. Print.
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