When studying the Gospel message of Jesus Christ, many scholars regard the book of Romans as the most important of the apostle Paul’s letters. (Knight & Ray, 2005) This is perhaps because it contains the most in-depth exploration of Christian theology, namely justification through faith in Jesus Christ. (Hinson & Towns, 2013)The letter, especially chapters one through eight, contains a summary of what embodies a Christian worldview. Since Paul wrote to both the Jewish and Gentile believers in Rome, he provided for them, as well as readers today, a biblical perspective that answers questions about the natural world, human identity, human relationships, and culture.
... culture of the Romans. The dominant Greco-Roman culture held the Jews in disapproval, they constantly pushed them to lose their Jewishness and assimilate to their culture, and now the new faith, would place the Christians in Rome in a sub minority group then the Jews. This was why it was important for Paul to affirm the honor of Christians through Jesus. By making a bold statement against shame, Paul “insulat[ed] them from the disapproval of Jews and Gentiles alike”.
In the Letters to the Galatians Paul, a transformed apostle to Christianity, attempted to convince the Galatians, those who did not follow the Christian faith, to convert to it. He began by building his credibility as a believer of Christianity. He then proceeded to instruct the Galatians of the proper way to connect to God was through Jesus. Finally, with the announcement that Christianity would be available to all without limitations. Paul’s main argument in these letters were to persuade the Galatians to follow Christianity and he uses his own personal revelation with Christianity to do so. I believe Paul convinced the reader of Christianity’s value and its purpose to welcome all as God’s children.
Teaching infuses understanding and knowledge. Spreading the message about Christ and the ability to lean, trust, and depend on Him is the message of gospel and the New Testament. “Paul evangelized as the commissioned representative of the Lord Jesus Christ. Evangelism was a task that had been specifically entrusted to him. Paul saw himself as Christ’s herald” (Packer, 1961, p. 42-43). The gospel is a real message about Christ who comes to save real sinners. It’s critically important that sinners come to an understanding that they are far apart from God and known as enemies to Him. “The gospel is a message about sin. It tells us how we have fallen short of God’s standard; how we have become guilty, filthy, and helpless in sin, and now stand under the wrath of God. It tells us that the reason why we sin continually is that we are sinners by nature, and that nothing we do, or try to do, for ourselves can put us right, or bring us back into God’s favor” (Packer, 1961, p.
On the heels of describing how justification comes by faith and the state of the Jewish nation in God’s sight during his era, Paul now shifts to discussing practical matters. It was not enough to demonstrate how justification comes, nor was it sufficient to mention the Jews’ status; the Romans need to know how any of it applies to them. Paul, then, provides what they need, and he opens his practical segment by petitioning the Roman Christians by God’s abundant mercy to present themselves as living sacrifices to Him. The question, though, is this: how does one do that?
Guided by faith and the strong love for our God, Paul and James approached the people of Israel with teachings that they felt would bring the people closer to God and the kingdom of heaven. Even though they addressed different issues, the end result was the same. They both agreed that faith and good deeds were imperative parts of Christian life. Where Paul said believers were justified by faith rather than by works of the law, he also stressed the fact that the foundation of salvation is the death of Jesus- not the laws of Moses. The epistle of James replies that “faith, apart from works, is dead” (2:17). James also believed that Christians should put their faith into concrete
The first problems the young converts encounter was persecution from the Jewish Christian from within of their own hometowns. The unbelieving Jews cast doubt on Paul’s evangelistic ministry among the Gentile Galatian and try to turn the Galatian against Paul. These Jews were trouble
Paul was upset that the Galatians could be succumbed to other influences rather than the spirit. “I would like to learn just one thing from you; Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by believing what you heard?” (Galatians 3:2). Paul was telling the Galatians that they didn’t need a cultural identity (Jewish circumcision) to experience the spirit. “Those who want to impress people by the means of the flesh are trying to compel you to be circumcised. The only reason they do this is to avoid being persecuted for the cross of Christ. Not even those who are circumcised keep the law, yet they want you to be circumcised that they may boast about our circumcision in the flesh” (Galatians 6:12-13). I think that Paul was trying to show them that just being circumcised wouldn’t bring them closer to
The message of the gospel is primarily that we are sinners and are in need of a forgiveness we can not achieve on our own. Paul’s testimony in the first chapter of 1 Timothy reveals the message of the gospel. First, Paul recognized his sins against God-blasphemer, persecutor, and insolent opponent. Second, Christ came into the world, as a ransom, to save sinners. Third, we receive mercy because of God’s great love and forgiveness, which is only by the grace of the Lord. Fourth, we must believe in him for eternal life. Lastly, the Lord calls us to his service. He writes to Timothy confident in the truth of the gospel of Christ. He knows where he stands with the Lord-in mercy and grace, forgiven and called to serve a greater purpose. As Paul’s confidence in the gospel shaped his life, so should it shape ours. It should be the message our life proclaims and the drive which propels us to fulfill our missionary
- He argues, “for Paul the Christian life is absolutely inconceivable in earthly terms largely because when the Spirit is received by the believer it takes grasp of the person and alters his or her entire way of life.” His assertion of the Spirit takes hold of the believer’s ethical actions does not reflect Paul’s just urging in Galatians 5:13-6:10. “Being led by the Spirit (5:18; Rom 8:14) means the Spirit becomes the Christian’s master whose commands he or she must obey (Rom 7:6). They must act as commanded whether they want to or not (5:17) because the Spirit rules over them so absolutely that it does not allow them to carry out their own will at all.” His claim of the Spirit as the driving force of the believer’s ethical actions does not reflect the sense of Paul’s moral exhortation in Galatians