They fought against these racial views by protesting to raise the issue of equal rights for the indigenous people. The fre... ... middle of paper ... ...al activist groups and the aboriginal people. The freedom rides, wave hill walk off and day of mourning petition definitely sent a message to the government of Australia that not only do the aboriginal people want equal rights but many white Australians wanted this for them as well. In conclusion the freedom rides were most definitely one of the main reasons why the aboriginal people today are not secluded from normal society and singled out because of their skin colour. Now the aboriginal people have equal rights as any everyday Australian and have the right to elect the leader of their choosing and not having to go along with everything the white men say.
The Freedom Riders caught the attention of many by refusing to follow unfair laws, and by doing so they accomplished many things that positively affected everyones rights today. The Freedom Rides were organized by CORE ( Congress of Racial Equality). In 1947 they also had what they called a Journey of Reconciliation. The Journey of reconciliation also had the same goal as the Freedom Riders which is why CORE used as a model in creating The Freedom Riders. The 1961 Freedom Rides sought to test a 1960 decision by the supreme court in Boynton v. Virginia that segregation of interstate transportation facilities, including bus terminals, was unconstitutional as well.
The large-scale infringement in the U.S. lawless person justice scheme is that it is an association founded on racial disparity in which African-Americans are in an open way harassed and penalized in a much more destructive kind compared to white people. The US strives to foray a balance between flexibility and order. It endeavours hard to keep zero tolerance principles enactive and resilient. An action called “Get strong on misdeed” was enabled to enforce its principles. With practices directed at reducing discrimination such as affirmative action, the contention has been made that racial discrimination is no longer a pushing topic in American humanity.
Lawsuits had been tried to gain rights such as the unsuccessful Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896 and the successful Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. Although, the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka declared the “separate but equal” clause unconstitutional, de facto segregation continued in the South. During the 1960s, two methods were used: nonviolence and violence. Violence proved to be ineffective since it perpetuated social tensions among Whites and Blacks. Nonviolence was the most effective method in bringing social change in America during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement because it attracted sympathy towards Black people, provoked positive media attention, and promoted unity among African Americans.
The tour’s purpose was to study the race relations in Australia, and raise awareness of the lack of equality for Indigenous Australians. This attracted lots of media attention around Australia and overseas, encouraging Australians to face racial confli... ... middle of paper ... ...one of the best achievements of Kevin Rudd as Prime Minister. It is clear that many steps were taken to achieve the same rights and freedoms as the rest of Australia for the Aborigines especially since 1945. Major steps forward and setbacks included the Day of Mourning, the Aboriginal Protection Act, the Child Welfare Act, the ‘Freedom Ride’, the 1962 Electoral Act and the 1967 Referendum, the tent ‘Aboriginal Embassy’, the protest at Wave Hill, Frank Hardy’s project to find the ‘real Australia’, Prime Minister Gough Whitlam giving back 300 000 square kilometers of land, the Mabo decision in 1982, the Native Title Act, John Howard’s plan in 1996, and Kevin Rudd’s apology speech. Overall, there has been a long struggle for reconciliation.
According to Charles Canady, crime, substandard academic performance, and out-of-wedlock births stand in the way of progress. He believes that civil rights groups use these issues to get benefits from the government through racial-preference policies instead of solving the real problems (Canady). Civil rights activists gain unfair benefit by exploiting their problems unrealistically when they really should be working on reforms and policies that will benefit blacks fairly. When studied in detail, it was determined that although affirmative action is meant to help all blacks, only a select group of individuals get the full benefits of the policy.
The 1961 US Freedom Rides were an immense driving force within the African American community seeing as the participants— mere students who were part of an activist group called the Congress of Racial Equality (CoRE)— refused to give up on protesting for what they believed in even when being violently attacked by those who strongly opposed them. It is obvious that their perspiration and determination to achieve their goals would inspire many and, due to the ever increasing inequality and dehumanising behaviours directed towards Australian Aborigines during the same time period, inspiration was exactly what was needed to begin protests and activisms much like those conducted within America. Throughout the time period that followed the US Freedom rides, Australian Aborigines partook in their own activisms which included a Freedom ride that is believed to have been inspired by those that took place within America. The 1964 Australian Freedom Rides were conducted by Sydney University students who were a part of a group called Student Action for Aboriginals (SAFA), led by none other than Charles Perkins— a man who would be the first Australian Aboriginal University graduate and was, at the time, a passionate third year arts student when he was elected leader of the SAFA.— Despite the name, the freedom rides took place on the 12th of February in 1965, the 1964 title refers to when SAFA banded together to organise the rides and insure sufficient media coverage was had. The students’ aim was to draw attention to the poor health, education, and housing that the Aborigines had, to point out and deteriorate the social discrimination barriers that existed between the ‘whites’ and Aborigines, and to support and encourage Aborigines to resi... ... middle of paper ... ...able to showcase the great power that nonviolence could have on the world and how by using methods such as that one would be more successful than if one used violence.
Not until much later, did the first clear evidence of racism occur with the start of slave trade from Africa to Britain and America. Racism was then formed by the rich and powerful to justify inhumane treatment of black people. However, social justice has come a long way since then. Ironically, long after declaring all men equal, the United States has shown their efforts to improve opportunities to minorities by continuing the use of affirmative action, which is now not necessary in today's society. Affirmative action clearly leads to reverse discrimination, and the focus on those who have traditionally been thought of as minorities overlooks candidates who may be more suited for a position.
However, African Americans were not the only marginalized community affected. Many races including Native American, Hispanic and Asian societies each had a fair share of struggles when challenging the structures of domination that the U.S. had implemented for so long. In this paper I will argue that white Americans were protected through both science and law as they victimized inferior races through cruelty and the prohibition of resources valuable to the future of their race. In the early 20th century social-reform policies across the world were formulated around the exclusion of unwanted populations also known as eugenics. “Eugenics justified social policies by encouraging the reproduction of ‘fit’ individuals while denying any reproduction to ‘unfit’ individuals” .
She referenced to American constitution as she has a law degree and addressing people with higher knowledge of the American constitution. Her point appears stronger compared to Francis’s who was suggesting that failure of integration is because the racial consciousness. He argues that racial consciousness started to emerge in last generation, which made it difficult for people to be coherent with others because they believe that is how their racial pride is demeaned. Franci... ... middle of paper ... ... the issue to it. Finally, Roisman has a more academic way of writing which is more appealing for the people.