Freedom Fighters

Satisfactory Essays
Slavery began in North America in 1619 at Jamestown Virginia. The beginning of the slave trade between Britain’s American colonies and Africa was in 1636. From the beginning some white colonists’ were uncomfortable with the notation of slavery. In 1789 the colonies replaced the Articles of Confederation with the new Constitution. The Constitution however made no specific mention of slavery, but it provided for the return of fugitives, and allowed each slave to be counted as three fifths a person for the purpose of determining population and representation in the House of Representatives. The Constitution in 1808 prohibited the importation of slaves, and made slave trading a capital offense in 1819. Many white men after 1808 still owned and traded slaves with other countries, this led to a group of people called abolitionist and the abolition movement. This movement went from a radical fringe to main stream with the help of William Wilberforce, William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Beecher Stowe.
The American Abolition Movement was one of the leading forces for the start of the Civil War. Though it affected the United States, it started with the great antislavery leader William Wilberforce in 1808. William Wilberforce wanted to abolish the slave trade and eventually slavery altogether in the British Empire. William’s goals influenced many abolitionists’ in the United States and led to the creation of the American Colonization Society in 1817. The American Colonization Society in 1817 would pay slave owners to free their slaves. The society would also pay for the transportation of the free slaves to leave the country or to colonize somewhere else within the country. The American Colonization Society helped creat...

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...olonization Society, whereby slaves would be purchased and sent back to their homeland. William Lloyd Garrison was a diligent member of the society, and would later create the magazine Liberator, which called for the immediate and universal emancipation. Garrison’s beliefs began to unsettle many of his fellow abolitionists. Frederick Douglass on the other hand stayed away from the tactics of Garrison and became a strong leader in the anti slavery movement. Also Douglass wrote many antislavery newspapers and an autobiography. Harriet Beecher Stowe was also a hero to many people in the North and was a great propagandist for the anti slavery movement with her book Uncle Tom’s Cabin. These people never had a very large following but they did however manage to keep racial issues in the forefront until at least some of their views were accepted by the mainstream North.