The Use of Free Indirect Discourse in Northanger Abbey "The novel as a whole is a phenomenon multiform in style and variform, in speech and voice. In it the investigator is confronted with several heterogeneous stylistic unities, often located on different linguistic levels and subject to different stylistic controls." p 261 -"Discourse in the Novel", M.M. Bahktin The novel as a genre, is defined by a multitude of languages and dialects, which, broken down on the various spectrums of type
Notes 1. Susan Fraiman, "The Humiliation of Elizabeth Bennet," excerpted in the Norton Critical 2nd edition of Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice, ed. Donald Gray (New York and London: Norton, 1993), 377. 2. All references to Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice are from the Norton Critical 3rd edition, ed. Donald Gray (New York and London: Norton, 2001). 3. Fraiman, 382. 4. Fraiman, 382.