This is in contrast to the way Huck's (white) father is depicted where Twain describes using all of the above characterizations and more. In Mark Twain's novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Twain develops the plot into Huck and Jim's adventures allowing him to weave in his criticism of society. The two main characters, Huck and Jim, both run from social injustice and both are distrustful of the civilization around them. Huck is considered uneducated backwards boy, constantly under pressure to conform to the "humanized" surroundings of society. Jim a slave, is not even considered as a real person, but as property.
Huckleberry Finn- Racist Mark Twain's novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn depicts how he is a racist. He shows it in many ways in which his characters act. All of the people in the towns are slave owners, and treat black slaves with disrespect. In the time period of the novel slavery was not legal, but racism was. Many scenes in his novel make slaves look like fools.
Huckleberry Finn remains one of the greatest classics of American Literature and although it is highly controversial due to racism, I do not find it to be a racist novel. As we look into the issues of racism in Huckleberry Finn we must first look at the time and setting of this book. Twain wrote this book before the Civil War and during slavery when black people were known as property rather than people. Twain displays the truth about slavery, including issues that surround it such as runaway slaves like Jim. There were many slaves that escaped by running away and a countless amount that attempted to run away due to their harsh living conditions.
"To Be or not To Be" In extreme cases the book, Huckleberry Finn, has been banned from some schools because of the depiction of racial tension towards Jim, the black slave, in Huckleberry Finn. This story takes place at a time where slavery was considered moral. Blacks were considered inferior to whites, but Huckleberry challenges the notion that he was raised upon. Through Huckleberry’s adventures Twain expresses his challenge towards civilization’s rules and moral code. One must read between the lines and reach for the meaning in Mark Twain’s subtle literature dialog.
Huck was prejudice against Jim because he was a slave but Huck wasn’t aware of “discriminatory behaver” (Katz 127) because like I mention earlier he was just a kid in a world full of racism (Katz). When it comes to racism it requires belief on why one or more groups are inferior and it requires theories on why the racist’s race is superior to the other groups of one race or more. It can be a judgment as well as being prejudices against different groups of race (Glasgow). Huck had his judgments against Jim but Huck at the end of the story came to realize that Jim was his friend and the only one he could trust . Huck at one time said “Well, I warn 't long making him understand I warn 't dead.
Dr. Miller, Josh Green, and Jerry, three diverse black characters from The Marrow of Tradition, exhibit different effects of slavery and racism throughout the book. Dr. Miller gets his hard working qualities from his slavery influence, but racism makes him feel inferior. Josh Green, on the other hand, is socially subordinate because of slavery, and the racism makes him extremely violent towards whites. Lastly, Jerry is so influenced by white men that he still thinks he is under their control and conforms to everything they do; racism affects him by making him racist against blacks. The Civil War, though it supposedly ended slavery, monumentally impacted the blacks through racism and the long term consequences of slavery.
There is a period of time in American history where slavery was not only allowed, but part of the original Constitution. However, for as many who were for slavery there was always a number against it. Slaves themselves, like Frederick Douglass in his autobiography Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, have criticized slavery as well as American writers, like Henry David Thoreau in his speech "Slavery in Massachusetts". Despite these two abolitionists being separated by class and education, they share the same disquiets on enslavement. They both believe slavery to be innately wrong and a crime against humanity.
The largest debate as to why the novel is a racist work is because of the use of the "N-word." Although there is an abundance of evidence pointing towards the theory that Mark Twain was a racist, therefore making the book itself a reflection of his ideologies, Huckleberry Finn is created as a form of social commentary, on the racism of the time period. As reflected in the essays in Satire or Evasion?, the perspectives on the views of racism in Huckleberry Finn vary widely (Arac 113) and it can be concluded that “there is no single ‘black’ position on Huckleberry Finn any more than there is a monolithic white one” (Leonard
The author in my opinion is merely describing how a slave spoke in those days and was trying to give you the true feeling behind his thought, while writing this tale. Despite a few instances in which Jim's description might be misconstrued as being racist, such as the use of the word "nigger", the reader should be able to understand that this is a fictional portrayal of two boys, one white and one black, during a time when slavery was common place. There is an obvious contrast of the mind set depicted in Twain's novel compared to then and now. The use of the word "nigger" is most certainly a very slanderous slang term that is not socially acceptable in present times. The dialect in which Jim is speaking indicates how Jim spoke do to his lack of education and refinement that white people refused to provide to slaves.
To Twain's critics, the novel is superficially racist for the most obvious reason: many characters continually use the word "nigger". Yet, since the book takes place in the south, twenty years before the Civil War, such semantics were common occurrences. Therefore, should Twain be criticized for being historically correct? One should hope not. A closer reading of the novel also reveals Twain's serious satirical intent.