Shea Cullison I am writing this paper to address the moral issue of whether or not doctors should be able to legally practice euthanasia. Euthanasia is more commonly known as physician assisted suicide. It is the act or practice of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or injured individuals (as persons or domestic animals) in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy. Euthanasia should become legalized in the United States because a living person should be able to make the choice to end their life if they are suffering beyond what they are able to bare. Whether that suffering is physical, psychological, social, or spiritual they should be allowed to make their own decisions.
Euthanasia involves a physician actively injecting a patient with a legal drug in order to end life (Engdahl 16). However, this is not the case when it comes to physician-assisted suicide. According to “Assisted Suicide Overview” by Lee Stingl and M. Alexander, physician-assisted suicide is any case in which a doctor gives a patient (usually someone with a terminal illness) the means to carry out their own suicide. Typically this is done by providing access to a lethal dose of medication, which the patient then self-administers. In other words, physician-assisted suicide is when a physician helps a patient end their own life by prescribing lethal drugs (Engdahl 16).
Analysis of "Scared to Death of Dying", Article by Herbert Hendin The background for this work is that the existing conflict over legalizing assisted suicides and euthanasia could bring our values down and society apart. The problem is not legalizing or opposing to it, the real problem is to find a way to care for the terminally ill. We have the responsibility to help the terminally ill die in a decent way not killing them. If we don't have a policy or rule against this we are permitting doctors, like Jack Kevorkian, to become famous for killing people. The claim for this work is that assisted suicides and euthanasia should be illegal. The Oregon Law would allow people to die quicker and without dignity.
Despite one’s medical condition, euthanasia should not be an end of life choice. But what is euthanasia or doctor-assisted suicide? Euthanasia is defined as "the bringing about of a gentle and easy death for a person suffering from a painful incurable disease," while Suicide on the other hand, is "the intentional killing of oneself." Doctor-assisted suicide combines both of these definitions with the idea of a physician helping a terminally ill patient to die. Doctors can perform euthanasia by giving a patient a lethal injection or by prescribing a lethal dose of drugs (“Euthanasia”).
“Euthanasia”, also known as “mercy killing”, comes from the two Greek words for “good death”. It is the practice of ending a person’s life (legally) who is suffering from a terminal disease or is in a severe state where they do not have the consciousness to take care of themselves. () In the novel “Of Mice and Men”, by John Steinbeck, George kills Lennie so that Lennie has a peaceful death by the hands of his best friend rather than have him suffer by the hands of someone else, a more “informal” way of euthanasia. Euthanasia has its pros and cons but is greatly debated because it can be seen as unhuman and often considered as murder. The formal role of a doctor for euthanasia when a patient is on the verge of death, as described by physician William Hunk, is “We dismiss all thought of cure, or the prolongation of life, and our efforts are limited to the relief of certain urgent conditions, such as pain.” () Many physicians in the 1800’s - 1900’s considered euthanasia as a part of their job by helping patients achieve a peaceful death.
James Rachels opinion on euthanasia is that he is for it, however only active euthanasia. Active euthanasia is defined as “taking any direct action designed to kill the patient.” While passive euthanasia is “withholding treatment and allow a patient to die.” (pg.203) Which makes sense into why Rachels and myself would be more into AE rather than PE because it is a more humane way for people to die. Nonetheless Rachels way of pursuing people into euthanasia is well represented but he seems to skew away from the actual meaning of euthanasia and the American Medical Association (AMA) guidelines. The AMA states that to have euthanasia you must have all the qualifications, in the AMA own words “The cessation of the employment of extraordinary
What is euthanasia, and why is it considered to be morally different to murder or suicide? Is it? What is Euthanasia? Ian Dowbiggin, PhD, Professor of History at the University of Prince Edward Island, wrote in his 2005 book A Concise History of Euthanasia: Life, Death, God, and Medicine, that euthanasia is, “an easy death through the mitigation of pain rather than a death hastened by a physician through the administration of poison" (Dowbiggin 23). One can also think of euthanasia as a means of painlessly killing one suffering from an incurable illness.
Susan Wolf spent years questioning the ethical and legal aspect of physician-assisted suicide. “As I have before, I oppose the legitimation of physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia.” However, life provided practical experience when her father became terminally ill with cancer and pneumonia. He became weak and dependent. He was left with three choices. He could stay in the ICU, go to the pulmonary care unit, or turn off the feeding tubes and IV hydration.
The legalization of physician-assisted suicide will make the procedure more regulated. In The Economist article, “Time to Die”, the author shares his story of a deceased intimate acquaintance who died by physician-assisted suicide in a state where physician-assisted suicide considered illegal. The author’s personal experience of illegal practice of euthanasia gives him credibility for talking about the issue of physician-assisted suicide. He argues that many practice of euthanasia takes place underground and difficult to keep tract and regulate. People who oppose euthanasia because they fear that legalizing this practice will cause poor people to choose euthanasia instead of medical treatment.
Probably the most up to date study of the elderly and their families opinion on euthanasia, in this case physician assisted suicide. Dr. Koenig undertook this research because he felt that there was a lack of data on how the elderly feel on this subject. The study goes on to state that over 60% of adults surveyed approve of physician assisted suicide, however they are younger and healthy