Franklin Roosevelt (FDR)

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Napolean Bonaparte once stated, “A leader is a dealer in hope.” Hoover and Roosevelt had very different viewpoints on how to handle the Great Depression. Hoover preferred “rugged individualism,” and FDR preferred “helping hand” philosophies. Hoover believed in assisting business in hope that this support would create a trickle down impact which would lead to investment and more jobs. FDR, on the other hand, wanted to provide people with jobs to increase confidence and correcting failures in certain economic institutions, leading to a bubble up scenario. It is ironic that Hoover knew how it felt to suffer in poverty as a child, yet FDR better handled the job of reassuring citizens that he was the man to get the nation out of its slump. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the man to turn to. FDR is the president who dealt hope to the citizens of the United States during the Great Depression and gave them a reason to believe that everything would be okay. One of Hoover’s big mistakes was the acts that he passed in “attempt” to help the U.S. Herbert Hoover is known as a president who allowed the United States to continue to slide into its worst depression ever. Though Hoover did take some action, it was too little, too late. Hoover did intervene after the Stock Market crash, but the acts passed by Congress and signed by Hoover were the worst kind of interventions. They worsened the problem. The most infamous of these is known as the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act. Raising tariffs at this time was the worst possible thing that they could have done to cure a depression. The Smoot-Hawley Tariff was guaranteed to worsen the depression and stifled international trade. Other acts passed during Hoover’s administration had similar effects of either raising prices or keeping them artificially high when they should have been dropping. Also, his Agricultural Marketing Act had little impact on the prospects of American farmers. Hoover obviously handled the Depression the exact wrong way and in effect, brought the nation into an even bigger slump. The economic crisis that struck the United States in the late 1920s was all-encompassing. Having both domestic and international causes and effects, the Depression afflicted almost every part of the American economy. This revealed many serious structural weaknesses that resulted in hi... ... middle of paper ... ...g the pump which involved the government dumping a huge amount of money into the faltering economy to reach a bubble up scenario. His leadership of the Democratic Party transformed it into a political vehicle for American liberalism. Both in peacetime and in war his impact on the office of president was unprecedented. In Roosevelt’s 12 years in office, strong executive leadership became a basic part of United States government. He made the office of president the center of diplomatic initiative and the focus of domestic reform. Though Franklin Delano Roosevelt may have made a few mistakes, his pros outweighed Hovoer’s pros overwhelmingly. The most important fact is that FDR gave people hope during a time of economic crisis. After Roosevelt’s legacy, there was an unspoken standard for incoming presidents, following in FDR’s footsteps. When one says Roosevelt’s name, he will be thought of upon fondly and in a light of respect. Hoover was just not able to match Roosevelt’s enthusiasm and charismatic nature. Roosevelt was, indeed, a leader who dealt hope. Bibliography 1) “Pursuit of happiness.” Time Magazine October 1939 Time Magazine Archives. April 25.

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