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Frankenstein Essay

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The classic gothic novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley details the relationship between two significant figures, Victor Frankenstein, and his unnamed monster. The critical relationship between such characters causes many literary critics to compose the idea that they are bound by nature – inadvertently becoming a single central figure (Spark). The notion that the monster is an alter ego to Victor is an ideal suggestion, as their roles in the story consistently change; from predator to prey, depression to anger, pity to cruelty, these are all characteristics shared between both characters at different times of the novel. Numerous themes show these characters as both complementary and contrasted beings (Spark).

Muriel Spark proclaims one of the most prominent pieces of evidence to show the relationship between Victor and the monster includes the alternate title of the novel, The Modern Prometheus. In the initial chapters, Victor was himself the protagonist, Prometheus, the beloved contributor of fire. Nevertheless, as the monster was created, he had assumed the role of Prometheus. The godforsaken monster recites, “But am I not alone, miserably alone?” (Shelley). The revolt of the monster against his creator is another feature to depict the similarity between the monster and Prometheus; a Titan, who sought revenge against the Gods. The title may imply that the monster is an alternative Frankenstein. Critics have often provided specific examples from the text to support their claims of the relation between Victor and the monster. Primary characteristics shared amongst both figures can include a strong lust for knowledge, arrogance, and ignorance to those around them, an inner darkness that dictates their principles, and a conscience...

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...is actions, especially those that will cause the death of creator. After continuous threatening, and taunting of his creator to satisfy his desire for revenge the monster achieves his goal by murdering Elizabeth. These actions result in the chase between both characters, resulting in the death of Victor, the only person the monster has had a true relation to. Possessed by unyielding guilt from his morality, the monster flees into the Arctic; aware of his wrongdoing in murder, the monster plans his self-destruction.

Victor and the monster are very different characters, yet they share many similar characteristics – perhaps this was the intention of Mary Shelly, to provoke one to think of the notion that the monster is a reflection of Victor Frankenstein. This can potentially be reason why the popular misconception in media is that the monster is named Frankenstein.
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