This turn in thinking is seem in Galileo 's attempt to reinterpret the Bible to fit the new research being done. Despite the Church 's attempts to crack down on theories that contradicted its own beliefs, these new ideas permeated the society. After the Revolution, society had mostly turned to a belief that the Church and science were separate entities, and that religion was not over study of the natural
The scientific revolution had provided certainty about the natural world that had long been questioned. With these new developments came the progression and influence of thought, rationality, and individualism. These new ideas would be the hallmark for the Enlightenment movement that would shape most of Europe in the eighteenth century. Much to the dismay of the Church, two astronomers Galileo and Kepler had the audacity to challenge the authorities by suggesting that the sun-not the earth-was at the center of the universe. The church had a stronghold on the way the spiritual and physical world worked, so these discoveries only added to the Church’s resistance to their aims.
Copernicus began the revolution with his finding on the Earth, planets and stars. Galileo went further to connect the world. This came to him at great cost. Bacon and Newton meet less resistance from the Church, possibly due to their approach. In the end science proved to have the final say in the matter, not so much as to discredit the church but rather to dictate there place in the world of science.
Also, the Gutenberg press, the precursor to modern-day printers, was invented. The main problem that stood in the way of questioning and furthering practical knowledge was the restrictions placed by the religious bodies of the time. The greatest force which challenged the blockade on free inquiry was the Protestant Reformation, when the Protestants split apart from the Catholics. However, in doing so, this conversely restricted free inquiry, since the Church felt attacked. Needless to say, in the long run this controversy paid off by granting more freedom all around, but during the Scientific Revolution itself, it raised bitterness (HST 318 Lecture: The Scientific Revolution).
In addition, the new scientific approach led to new and revolutionary philosophies of government, which insisted that people are able to rule themselves in a just way. The ending conflicts, such as the Thirty Years War and Puritan's loss of control of the British government, caused a majority of Europeans to be sick and tired of religious controversies. Many of them saw that the only solution to prevent further quarrel was by modernizing their faiths or turning to a secular life-style. Some individuals took a more radical action and abandoned religious affairs altogether. Some of the new ways that branched out of the religious affairs were Pietism, Romanticism, and various ranges of Deism.
Nicholaus Copernicus’ theory regarding the movement of the planets and the position of the sun and Earth has had a profound effect on the scientific understanding of the solar system. His ideas were originally met with opposition due to religious beliefs of the time. By publishing his theory, Copernicus set the stage for a drastic and positive change in scientific and religious beliefs. Nicholaus Copernicus is one of the most well known astronomers of all time. He is even labeled as the founder of modern astronomy for the proposition of his heliocentric theory (“Nicolaus Copernicus”, Scientists: Their Lives and Works).
Scripture “ordinarily lends itself to multiple interpretations” where some people interpret scripture on a more spiritual level and others take it word for word (Galileo Affair, 2). Those who do not understand scripture in the “correct” ways would appreciate Galileo’s work for a different meaning and evidence to believe in. People who do not believe in Ch... ... middle of paper ... ...o publish his work because it allowed society to see the world in different ways and religions as well as provided credible evidence to prove the world is a mysterious place where important discoveries are made everyday. While many people tried to hold Galileo and other scientists back from teaching the world their philosophies, eventually the Church was able to see how Galileo’s work was proven true. The Church had to much control over society during the 16th century and could have stopped society from truly understanding the Earth.
On the contrary, writings ... ... middle of paper ... ...een altered since then. In conclusion, the advancement of these three philosophies from the theological Puritan views to the great scientific and reason ideals of the Enlightenment showed how a reform of beliefs and ideas resulted in the progressively modern ethics that our society is based on today. Scientific reasoning of the world ignited ideas that the ignorant society of the Puritans was immensely closed-minded about. These ideas gave way to how we explain how things happen through the use of science and reasoning. Though Puritans saw that this great reform was a blasphemy against God, the Enlightenment expanded different beliefs of religion which furthered societies intellect and understanding of religion.
The Scientific revolution in the 16th and 17th centuries changed the way that people views the world. Scientific philosophers such as Galileo and Descartes threw out the old teachings of the church and challenged them with new ways of thinking. These men sought to prove that rational thought could prove the existence of God. They also challenged that it was an understanding of a series of rational thoughts, not faith, would bring understanding of how the world worked. Traditional ways of thinking were ultimately challenged by logical and sensible rationale.
The Scientific Revolution was a controversial and revolutionary era of improvement and changes that transformed peoples’ views of science and ways of thinking. It was an emergence of modern science during the late 18th century, which was contributed to by scientists such as Copernicus and Galileo. Society was still heavily dominated and influenced by religion at the time, so people had trouble adjusting to the newfound facts. Developments in math and sciences wouldn’t have been able to transform views of society and nature without sparking controversies with the Church. The Church censored Copernicus and Galileo's theories not only because it threatened the traditional view of the world, but also because there was a personal conflict between Galileo and the Church.