This image shows that the third estate does all the hard and painful work for these clergy men and nobility. This image was created to show how un... ... middle of paper ... ...iven the third estate reasons to rebel and take actions for change. In France the economic failures are one of the main causes of the French revolution, unfair taxing and bankruptcy has gotten the people of France irritated by the government. Gradually the privileges of the nobility were eliminated by the revolution. Many groups of people had help make the revolution successful such as the National Convention, they have passes many statements and documents to mark their every steps of successful during the French revolution.
French Absolutism and the French Revolution During the period between 1589 through 1783, the French Monarchy had risen to its height of absolute power and then was destroyed by the French Revolution. The reigns of Henry IV, Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI each contributed to the strengthening of the French Monarchy as well as the destruction. Class struggles were a major problem throughout the reigns of each king. France was broken into three estates that were; the clergy, the nobility, and the common people. They were each striving for more power.
They lost half or more of their income in taxes and were forced to pay ridiculous taxes like feudal dues to the nobles, tithes to the church and royal taxes to the king?s agent and besides all this, peasants had to pay a certain tax which was paid in work rather than money. The two other estates on the other hand paid no or very little taxes thus the third estate all had reasons to hate the old regime. The French and American revolution was partly the outcomes of these resentments towards the government and was also the result of weak leadership at the top. In conclusion, just by examining specifically the causes for the revolution, one can already see that the revolution had many similarities and these similar causes lead to similar results especially in the written constitution.
-The Bourgeoisie were comprised of merchants, doctors, lawyers, etc. and were the middle class of France. They had high incomes, sometimes even higher than that of the nobles. However, this did not give them any sort of status or power. They were blocked by the aristocracy in an attempt to keep the social system the same that they were used to.
This meant fair representation, but it also meant that the nobles were upset with their decline of power and the commoners wanted more of their new-found power. All of these ideas seem to be good ones, but ones that would, and did harm his position. One evidently bad move was to heavily tax everyone. The peasants were already heavily taxed, so they were then brought to famine, the nobles were never taxed before and consequently disgruntled and the middle class just did not like it. If Louis XVI were alive today he would probably be a good politician-too bad the people were not ready for him in 1789.
Some people like Emmanuel Sieyès, middle-class writer who was taken by the Enlightenment ideas, believed that all of French Society lay on the backs of the third estate. On the contrary, Robespierre, the monarch at the time, believed that the third estate did not have the power to do anything important to society. The third estate had to pay taxes like the Gabelle and Taille while the first and seconds estates did not have to pay any taxes to the king. Also, the third estates had less of a representation in voting. The first and second estate could outvote the third estate every time and this was a huge inequality.
The clergy came to be called the First Estate while the nobility and the common people came to be called the Second and Third Estates, respectively. This social system in France was so corrupt that the few, the First and Second Estates, held all the power while the majority, the Third Estate, was left to suffer. The first two estates had many privileges over the Third Estate, the most important of which was that they paid fewer taxes. The intendants who were in charge of collecting taxes from the administrative districts that France was divided into often bent the rules at will for family or friends because of the enormous power they had. As a result, those who did not have much to begin with were burdened with even more taxes (Young).
The third estate was the poorest of the estates. It included the peasants, bourgeoisie and urban workers. However, there were some professionals, such as doctors and lawyers, who earned a good living and were in fact richer than some in the first and second estates (Hetherton). The first and second estates paid no taxes at all and the entirety of the country’s economic burden wa... ... middle of paper ... ...lthough the King and Queen knew about the economic situation, they continued to spend exorbitant amounts of money on their “wants” rather than the country’s “needs”, which, again, further deepened the people’s hatred towards the monarchial rule. Because of its financial and social effects, the fiscal crisis was an important cause of the French revolution.
The French Revolution ended an archaic social and political system established in France characterised by a feudal system under the control of a powerful absolute monarchy and the unquestioned power of the Catholic Church (Slevin, 2003). Those unhappy citizens who overthrew the absolute monarchy and the church belonged to a group known the bourgeoisie. This group was defined under the “Popular Movement” was constituted by angry peasants and wage-earners that had come under the influence of the rational ideas of the Enlightenment (Slevin, 2003). The bourgeoisie of this time was justifiably angered by many societal afflictions such as: • Unequal taxation between classes (some in the form of labor, known at that time as seigneurial taxes) (Doyle, 1999). • Famine • The irrational concepts of absolutism and powers of the church as a result of Enlightenment thought • The power of a privileged clergy and nobility As you can see there were many reasons for the discontent of the French bourgeois at this time, not only were they unfairly taxed, but they had very little voice in the government that was allowing many of its citizens to starve to death; something had to be done.
Nobles did not have to pay taxes even though most of them were wealthy. Some of the nobles thought that the King and his ministers were running the country badly. Everybody else in France, which is called the commoners, made up the third estate. They were middle-class people, such as bankers, merchants and doctors. The middle-class people were quite wealthy but they held no power at all.