For me, the most important enlightenment idea we discussed was inal... ... middle of paper ... ...also made the entire country a better place for the people of France and for the world around France. It made France a better place for culture and progress. But it wasn’t just a success after the revolution. It paved the way for France’s long-term future. Generations after generations following the revolution also benefitted because of the sacrifices made by those who fought in the revolution.
Gaining the title “the Preserver of the Revolution”, Napoleon Bonaparte transformed French society’s structure, while leaving a legacy of cultural memory. To suit Napoleon’s imperial form of rule, he adapted the key goals of the Revolution, including liberty, equality, and fraternity. Sovereignty now belonged to the people of the nation with the abolishment of feudalism. Napoleon incorporated sovereignty in his master plan ideology through the process of containment, a more centralized governance in order to establish a system of behavior among the population. Many historian scholars dispute whether Napoleon protected or betrayed the ideals of the French Revolution, but it is certain he consolidated the principles into rule and culture.
This early period of criminology was called classical criminology. The age of Classical Criminology came about in the 1700s because of the need to counteract the cruel forms of punishment which was prevalent for those times. In times before the classical period of criminology, anyone despite being of unsound mind could be convicted and receive capital or torturous punishment. “Classicalism was based on free will and rational choice” (Tim Newburn, 2007, pg114). This brought about the idea that criminals/offenders would receive equivalent punishment to the level of their offence, due to the fact that the criminals/offenders were acting upon their own free will (their own ability to act upon their own discretion).
- Strengths and weaknesses of each viewpoint Despite all other viewpoints, Napoleon did benefit France and helped mold France and western society as to what it is today by introducing economic, political and social reforms to France's domestic policy. Napoleon was a political mastermind. France was divided in the judicial system they used. Northern France practiced customary law from medieval tradition, while southern France used law evolved out of Roman code. However, Napoleon codified the law code into one code for the entire nation.
The French revolution and the Enlightenment are closely related. The French Revolution took the ideas of the Enlightenment and applied to their situations. Philosphes like Voltaire and Montesquieu were applied to the various problems France faces. Solutions about people’s rights and government was found in the Salons that hosted much of the Enlightenment. Freedom of speech that would allow people to speak how they wanted without fearing an oppressive government, a new system of government that would allow groups of people to be in power instead of one monarch, and political equality that would give the third estate power like the rest of the estates were all topics both the French Revolution and the Enlightenment faced.
Benjamin Washechek History 102 Professor Rashmi Chilka 3 March 2014 Did the French Revolution Follow its Beginning Principals? The ideals of the French Revolution were liberty, fraternity and equality. These lofty ideals inspired people to cast aside their own personal safety and join in the formation of a wave that would sweep away the established government of France. There were, however great differences between the ideals behind the French Revolution and the results of the Revolution. Looking at the first principal of liberty, we do see that in the beginning, the French revolution was driven by the people’s desire for individual liberties.
If a convict is able to better himself while incarcerated, they are more likely to succeed upon release and not end up back in prison. (Parenti, 2008) Deterrence, in its current form, is useless and counter intuitive. Not only is it failing to stop crime but it is encouraging it by sending low level offenders to what essentially is a crime school. Deterrence stands on two mechanisms to work: people seeing others getting arrested and turning away from crime fearing the same, and giving people who are caught long sentences so that it may seem even scarier. It has become a necessity to get rid of the long sentences for the sake of deterrence itself.
Although both private action and executive control are advantageous in terms of costs and speed, they present big dangers that discourage their use unless in exceptional situations. The second purpose of criminal law is to punish the offender. Punishing the offender is the most important purpose of criminal law since by doing so; it discourages him from committing crime again while making him or her pay for their crimes. Retribution does not mean inflicting physical punishment by incarceration only, but it also may include things like rehabilitation and financial retribution among other things. The last purpose of criminal law is to protect the community from criminals.
In other words, his coming to the French throne was a blessing. In some ways the event was a blessing. Napoleon brought civility back to France through legal codes and treaties that reflected revolutionary ideals. The Code Napoleon was one example. It recognized the equality of all citizens before the law, protected property rights, safeguarded employers by outlawing trade unions and strikes, and supported religious toleration.
In his entirety as a ruler, Napoleon did more to help the French people than to hurt them. For these reasons Napoleon was the savior of the French Revolution: he transformed his power and strength into benefits towards his people, creating and bringing the change France needed during and after the Revolution to help its people.