The Anti-Federalist were also comprised of prominent men who ferociously supported the ideals of the Revolution and protecting liberty even though the Federalists would often accuse them of abandoning these principles. The debates at the Philadelphia Convention were rooted in principles deeply held by both groups. ... ... middle of paper ... ...only a small republic could produce the voluntary obedience of the people to submit to the authority of the new government and its laws. The Federalist believed a republic, in the truest sense, could not exist in a post commercial world. Anti-Federalists did see the need for a union between the states to provide a defense against foreign enemies, promote, and protect commerce, and maintain order between the states.
They do not benefit from being part of England. Thomas Paine also goes on to explain what type of government that he and the people believe that they should adopt into their own government. They government that he believes in adopting is a representative democracy where all of the colonies have the same amount of rights and power. He believes that if the colonies declare independence, other countries will then try to help the Americans to get their independence. This book is basically just showing what Thomas Paine and other Americans believe about everything that is going on during the American Revolution.
While liberals wanted to over through the government, conservatives believed that not every person should receive the same privilege, not every person is the same and therefore, not every person should be created equal. America is viewed as a liberal state. Thomas Jefferson once said, “When the people fear the government, there is tyranny, when the government fears the people, there is liberty.” This was the strongest reason for the people to bear arms, so that they can be protected from tyranny in the government. People wanted their independence. Intro: The Declaration of Independence shapes our ideal vision in America by letting every individual have unalienable rights, not having to live under a tyrant, and having equality.
He argued that to be successful in politics certain qualities were of importance and ethics could not stand in the way. Machiavelli stated that a Prince’s power should be maintained in being feared and loved, and possessing control over the people. Rousseau on the other hand was an eighteen century philosopher and writer. Unlike Machiavelli, his view’s on political and modern philosophies were influenced by the French Revolution. Rousseau believed in a legitimate government that was elected by a civil society based on social contract.
Locke saw the government as a safeguard to protect the rights of the individuals as the guarantor of society and the consenting government. But he also suggested that people had the right to rebel, to remove governments which failed to fulfil what the society wanted. Locke was a liberalist and believed that people have the right to reserve and restrain offenders, but not to judge them. Thomas Hobbes was born in 1588; he lived thr... ... middle of paper ... ...e is no power to enforce a covenant. Therefore all sovereigns are in a state of war with each other.
Hobbes explained, “…and the... ... middle of paper ... ...en are evil in their state of nature and that the public should not have control in the government system. This was a part of Hobbes’s social contract in which he makes the agreement that man must obey the laws and rules of the absolutist government. Although the theory worked for Hobbes during the time period he lived, Locke had a different approach in government in which society was more involved. Locke described man as a rational human being who pursued almost identical characteristics to an authority. Locke argued that a monarch was the best way to run a government, but he argued that the people had the right to express how they felt about their ruler as a whole.
There is a Centuries long debate as to why our Nation’s Founding Fathers chose for us to be ruled under rule of law instead of rule of man. Our Founding Fathers founded this nation on a promotion “We the People”. They ruled that we should be led under the rule of law rather than the rule of man for multiple reasons. Our government now though is stipulating whether or not the old American government made the right choice, when compared to other foreign countries. At the beginning of our country the Constitution was not meant to be read as a collection a suggestions rather as a way to get men away from their old tendencies.
People have their own perspective of a government that they envision for their people. Thomas Jefferson has been the president of the United States and ruled under a monarch. Jefferson couldn’t tolerate the abuse from a monarch, so he rebelled against the British crown. In 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote The Declaration of Independence, and declared the colonies were free from British rule. Before he became the author of The Declaration of Independence, Jefferson was established “ as an ardent republican and revolutionary” (Jacobus 77).
They wanted state’s rights and individual rights, which they believed could only be granted under strict construction of the constitution. Thomas Jefferson, the third president, and James Madison, his successor, were close friends and lifelong political associates. Long regarded as advocates for liberty, Jefferson and Madison believed in the principles of government and sought to restore the spirit of the revolution of 1776. These republicans spoke out against anti-monarchial attitudes and opposed the aristocratic and elitist attitudes of the federalists (Peterson, 1975). A weaker central government by the people was the goal of the republican party.
Both Hobbes and Locke furnish a basis for the existence of political power. The origin of the state becomes pertinent in bringing laws and government to men and abandons their state of nature. While the Hobbesian state believes in absolutism where man completely surrenders his rights to the state, Locke’s government maintains individual rights independent of the state- they have the basic equal rights to make choices and be moral actors. The grace and power of man can be blinded by the civil state or lay unscathed to a certain extent; this is the proposition behind the origin of the state given by esteemed political thinkers of the time.