Fossil Fuels And Renewable Energy

1080 Words5 Pages
Imagine a world without electricity. There would be no lights, no internet, and no efficient communication systems. Electricity is a type of energy, and energy is a vital aspect of today’s industry and society. There are many ways in which energy is produced, and they are typically divided into two major categories: fossil fuels and renewable energies. The term “fossil fuels” refers to nonrenewable resources such as coal, oil, and natural gas that formed over millions of years from the breakdown of fossils. On the other hand, “renewable energies” refers to energy sources that are constantly and readily available, such as wind, solar, and hydro power. Both means of obtaining energy are related in many aspects, yet they contrast each other as well. How much they are implemented in modern society, how they affect the environment, and how much they cost are all areas in which alternative fuels and fossil fuels can be compared. The various forms of fossil fuels and renewable energy differ in many aspects, one of which is their current usage globally. Industry and society today are extremely dependent on fossil fuels. The United States uses fossil fuels to fulfill “85 percent of [its] energy supply” (“The High Cost”). In fact, many countries around the world rely heavily on fossil fuels for energy. Coal alone accounts for 38% of the world’s electricity generation, and oil and natural gas account for 16% and 9% respectively (Sims, Rogner, and Gregory). Clearly fossil fuels dominate the energy market, however this fact is changing. Renewable energy sources are on the rise. According to Ralph Sims, Hans-Holger Rogner, and Ken Gregory, “Hydropower is expected to grow by around 60% … wind by 21% … and solar photovoltaics by 30%” each year (S... ... middle of paper ... ...nsive, alternative energies have been seeing a drop in cost, due to a “combination of new technologies and approaches to financing and operations” (Cardwell). These advancements include not only more efficient means of producing energy, but also ways to store immense amounts of energy. Tim Miser, a writer for the Power Engineering journal, proposes that by storing energy until people need it, “power producers can incorporate increasing amounts of renewable energy resources while overcoming many of their inherent shortcomings” (Miser 42). Using energy storage solves the only major issue involved with alternative fuels; the amount of energy they produce is dependent on certain environmental factors. Perhaps further developments in energy storage will lead to the increased implementation of renewable energies, and possibly even the elimination of fossil fuels altogether.
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