Social Exchange Theory: Critique In everyday interactions, people are always striving to have a positive experience among those whom they interact with. Social Exchange Theory (SET) is based on the notion that people think about their relationships in economic terms (West 186). People will consider the cost of being in that relationship and compare them to the rewards they receive from that same relationship. Cost would consist of any negative elements of the relationship, such as effort put into the relationship. Rewards would consist of any positive elements in the relationships, such as comfort.
Also known as the concept of Altruism. Empathy Another reason that individuals engage in these helping behaviors is that they have Empathy for others. The term Empathy refers to a persons ability to understand the needs and feelings of other people because they share in those feelings. And for sometime Empathy has been considered a significant factor in promoting positive behavior towards others. Cooperation Cooperation or collaboration is the tendency to work together for mutual benefit and is generally contrasted to competition which is working against each other for a larger share of benefits.
As well as this participants were also asked to report how much they liked an onlooker. Onlookers were rated more highly in conditions where participant performance was positively evaluated. This supports the idea that individuals like people more who are associated w... ... middle of paper ... ..., if the relationship is to work in the long-term individuals have to still like the individual so they can progress. However, attraction doesn’t always come into it, in terms of friendships if an individual likes someone then they want to be friends with them because they reinforce their beliefs. Equality helps in the maintenance of a relationship as an individual would like to invest so much in a relationship and receive the same amount back.
Being attractive, having similarities or common ties, familiarity, praise and being complimentary, and also being connected to the positive help one to be more likeable. Reciprocity is the basic concept of ‘you scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours’, and ‘what goes aournd comes around’ (Myers, 2010, pg. 237). Performing favors is a powerful tool to influence because people feel obligated to repay that favor. The third principle listed is social proof.
Finally, the social responsibility theory states that people tend to be more helpful towards the needy (Myers, 2015). Women, children, elderly, and the disabled are some examples of those which people offer help to without thought of future reward. This theory suggests that people are prosocial simply because other people need them to be. Either people choose to be prosocial or are conditioned to be so, prosocial behavior is deemed as a socially desirable trait and it is highly encouraged among people around the world for it promotes cooperation and
Whereas referent power illuminates a respectful and loving power, reward power depends on rewards partners can present to one another that they desire, or take away an undesirable punishment. While this power does not condemn undesirable traits, it rewards the behaviors and thoughts that sanction contentment and gratification. By rewarding a partner when they behave ideally, it stimulates that action’s continuation. We seek rewards, while avoiding punishments. I desire reward power because it affords a manner of exhibiting appreciation and gratification for a partner.
When one is smart, they will always have feelings for the other fellow human beings. They will not always be after money but they will consider their neighbours in one way or another (Simmons 2011). This will give one the sense of being capable to emotionally connect with others. Managers who have empathy will have the capability of genuinely responding to customers concern and frustration which will be big advantage to the company or business (Simmons
It has also been related to levels of intimacy, passion, and commitment. These illusions can help resolve conflict in multiple ways, provide a sense of security, and altogether stabilize a relationship and rea... ... middle of paper ... ... other positive association are welcomed in intimate relationships. Both can be true, people can desire realistic ideals from their partners based on their own self perceptions and still want their partners to have some positive illusions about them. Sandra L. Murray, John G. Holmes, and Dale W. Griffin also explain the results of positive illusions effect in relationships in their article, “The Benefits of Positive Illusions: Idealizations and the Construction of Satisfaction in Close Relationships.” Despite the tittle, the also present the negative effects. Counterpoint: Positive Illusions May be Negative Murray, Griffin, and Holmes write about the opposing side of positive illusion and how they can hinder relationships in their other article, “The Self- Fulfilling Nature of Positive Illusions in Romantic Relationships: Love Is Not Blind, but Prescient.”
The similarity attraction theory states that people are attracted to those similar to themselves (Wee & Lee., 2017) people who share different view especially moral and political values affect how people attract others. People who perceived job applicants to be more attractive treated them better than less attractive ones. Kindness, sensitivity, intelligence, modesty and social class are a part of interpersonal attraction (Anders et al., 2016). How someone views their own physical attractiveness plays a role in interpersonal attraction someone who is confident in themselves and how they feel will make them more comfortable to approach others and develop relationships with
Publicity helps making the products or ideas more popular because it makes things more observable to imitate. Practical value indicates the usefulness of certain things. Therefore, when things become more practical value, we are likely to share with others because we believe it will benefit others just like how it benefits to ourselves. Lastly, the stories are impacted tools to use in marketing. When a product has a memorable story, it