However, student learning goes beyond direct instruction. In order for student learning to occur, teachers also must engage their students within the lesson, establish a positive, learning environment, and most importantly, assess their students. Student learning begins with teachers engaging students in their lesson through inquiry and peer interactions. In the field of mathematics and science, there are teachers who simply provide example problems on a black board and explain them verbally for the entire duration of the class. Although these teachers accommodate visual and auditory learners, teachers should also receive feedback from the students during the instruction to evaluate if they are actually learning.
Linking instruction and assessment is critical to effective learning. Educators should provide students with various options for learning that include: different ways to learning (style and time), di... ... middle of paper ... ...re provided with ample opportunities to demonstrate their abilities. MI theory is used as formal and informal assessment in the classroom to allow students to be grasp and understand concepts. The use of multiple types of assessments in the classroom yield richer and more qualitative information about a child's achievement. If the ultimate goal is student learning, then there is a place for both standardized testing and authentic assessment using the MI theory in today's classroom.
Understanding by Design, Differentiated Instruction and Standards-based instruction are three methods that are used to instruct students in the classroom and help them succeed when learning. They can be used separately to plan and organize the classroom. Yet used together, they create and promote effective ways for the students to learn and insure that every student in the classroom can reach success. One must understand the different methods and how they work in the classroom before they are able to understand how to instruct with all the methods together. Standards-Based learning is teaching students to insure that they gain knowledge and skills that are important in school but also the adult world.
It aims to understand the process, problems, issues and constraints in action (Lewin, 1947). This step is important as it requires teachers to collect, record and analyse the progress of their lesson so that they can identify areas that need improvement. Moreover, asking the students their opinion on the lesson is an effective way to obtain students ' feedback regarding teachers ' performance. This is a good way to personalise the teaching and learning process as it involves both the teacher and students in the evaluation session. By listening to students’ feedback, teachers would be able to perceive their classroom practices from a different perspective and also embody the participative and collaborative process in classroom.
Therefore, reviewing some of the strategies that may contribute to the reading success of diverse students in the classroom will be significant. For example, once the effective teacher determining what each student is ready to learn, he or she must then connect students learning needs to effective teaching strategies which consist of designing lessons plans. All these must begins the first day of school. Also, teachers must know how to communicate expectations and rules clearly within a positive classroom climate to release any possible fear or stress students may have. In addition, teachers must be able to identify through their assessments what learning abilities each student had already developed and teach him or her accordingly in order to minimize the amount of time taken away from instruction.
They also collaborate with their colleagues to gather more information on possible teaching strategies as well as any issues they may have with a particular activity or subject. Teachers can guide students and give examples of how to succeed when doing things or completing assignments. In elementary school, teachers need to have good social skills when talking to parents or guardians. They also need to be sensitive to children’s educational needs. For example, most children when put into a classroom with their peers, adapt.
Assessments allow for teachers to monitor the progress and growth of his/her students, help engage students and help guide teachers as well as students in their decision making. Teachers should know that tests are not the only way to assess students in the classroom. It is important for educators constantly assess their students on comprehension and progression.Teachers can take use of both formal and informal assessments so that they can engage students in their own learning, as well as monitor their comprehension and progress. Standard #7: Planning for Instruction. This standard expresses the importance of supporting students so they can meet higher standards.
According to University of Hawai’i Manoa, developing student learning outcomes “helps students learn more effectively and make clear what students should expect from their educational experience”. For example, it is very important that teachers must show, read out, or write the learning outcomes on the board at beginning of lesson so that student can always refer and look at it to expect what they are going to learn and gain from the lesson. Not only that but, with the help of the teachers and the guiding questions and activities will help the students achieve the lesson outcomes. According to Goucher College, writing a lesson outcome “increased student awareness of their own learning which give students a way to think and talk about what they have learned and make it easier for students to “know what they know” and give them a language to communicate what they know to others. For example, when teacher give questions and activities for students to do, it should be questions and activities that will facilitates students learning and help them met the outcomes.
The teacher’s questioning strategy can help students obtain understanding and see connections as they work toward solutions to problems. (Inspire, 2011) “One of the most striking aspects of teaching is that the teacher’s speech consists of questions” (Manouchehri & Lapp, 2003, p.563). Each question the teacher asks should be strategic toward the goal of student learning. The teacher must determine beforehand what student response is desired and structure the questioning accordingly. Questioning can also aid the educator by assessing the students’ comprehension and understanding, thereby allowing the modification of instruction if necessary (Chappell & Thompson, 1999).
The purpose of this paper is to review three peer review articles on excellence in teaching a first grade class and or an elementary level class. In order to be successful in a classroom a teacher must be up to date with the latest methods for enhancing their lessons and abilities for students to learn. It is important for teachers to have supportive interactions with their students in order for the student’s achievements to be successful. It is also important that teachers provide hands on common teaching techniques in their lesson and class. Last but not least it is very important for teachers to make their students feel like with instructional and emotional support from their teacher that they will not fail.