Forest Biome Essay

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The temperate forest biome is known for its deciduous trees and its seasons. It is a mix of deciduous and coniferous trees. This biome experiences all four seasons. In summer, more food is available for the animals and they become livelier. Temperate forests have warm summers, cold winters, and year round precipitation. Temperate forests grow in the Polar Regions in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Most temperate forests are located in the eastern United States, Canada, Europe, China, Japan, and parts of Russia. Deciduous forests are broken up into five zones. The first zone is the tree stratum zone. It is the tallest zone and trees here range from 60 to 100 feet tall. The second zone is the small tree and sapling zone. Newer and shorter trees make up this zone. The shrub zone is the third zone. Shrubs include mountain laurel, huckleberries, and many others. The fourth zone is the herb zone, and contains short herbal plants, like ferns. The Ground zone is the last zone where plants grow on the ground. Each forest receives a different amount of precipitation in the form of rain and snow. Most forests get their precipitation in winter and spring. Annual precipitation in temperate forests ranges from 30-60 in a year. The average annual temperature in a deciduous forest is 50° F. Most temperate forests have a high biodiversity in it. This is because the biome has a very high density of plant life. Some of the plant species commonly found include those of deciduous trees, ferns, birch, beech, and layers of mosses. Similar to other biomes, scientists expect the biodiversity of temperate forests to decrease because of deforestation and by human activity. Producers in a temperate forest food pyramid consist o... ... middle of paper ... ...iving organisms where one benefits and the other is not significantly harmed or helped. One example of this in the temperate forest is the relationship between a squirrel and a tree, because the tree is not harmed and the squirrel gets protection from predators and shelter. Temperate forests are essential to people as they provide resources that are very useful in our daily lives. Acid rain is main problem to this biome which is caused by us humans. Because of our pollution from our vehicles which harms the leaves of trees, acid rain causes them to yield fewer seeds. However, there are many things that you can do to help sustain life in the temperate forest biome. First of all, you can recycle. You will be decreasing the need to cut down more trees. If we want to continue to enjoy these beautiful temperate forests, our biome must be protected with great care.
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