However, it is important to note that in any criminal profiling attempt, the criminal psychological mind must be described fully by their actions during and after the crime. For instance, if the criminal tried to hide something from the scene of crime, it probably would indicate that they are meticulous and therefore acquiring the criminal’s social disposition is very viable. Criminal profiling is not just something that one as a law enforcement officer, jumps up to. It is usually done by forensic experts who have anatomical knowledge and are conversant with the criminal mind and culture. According to Fintzy (2000), it requires diligence, brainpower and the ability to query assumptions and presumptions.
A forcible rape you want to look at bruises semen stains or witnesses that may have heard screaming. Things like this are very important for an investigator to know to look for (Bennett & Hess, 71). As you can see there are many different steps in investigating crime scenes. It is very important that an officer follow the proper steps in an investigation. Failure to do this can result in a suspect to go free, possible charges against the department.
Bystander plays an important role when trying to solve crimes. Bystander is a person present but not involved in the crime, meaning they are persons who saw what was going on during the crime. Eyewitnesses play a dynamic and important role when trying to expose the truth about a crime. “Even the most honest and objective people can make mistakes in recalling and interpreting a witnessed event”. (Reno, 1999) Every evidence a witness proves can be critical in sentencing suspected criminals.
By secure the scene to ensure that no evidence is misplaced or damaged, or otherwise compromised. Do a cursory check of the crime scene to obtain any transient evidence and secure any weapons found at the scene (in this case it was already at the scene with the suspect). Crime scene analysts and investigators communicate with first responders and are quickly briefed on the situation, and now a more thorough search can be conducted. A scene search is necessary to find evidence such as shell casings, biological evidence etc. At the time, a more detailed, extensive search will begin.
This evidence is send to forensic laboratories to be examined and provide the investigator with information that may help solve the case. Later on this information can be used in court, for this reason it is critical that the investigator gather the evidence properly and legally. Most police investigations begin at the scene of a crime with the first responders to the crime scene usually police officers, fire department personnel or the emergency medical personnel. Their actions of the first responders to the crime scene can help the investigation or can severely damage it. The first responder has to secure the area, assist any victim if any, arrest the suspects if any, detain all witnesses, protect the crime scene and provide information about all the movements or alteration made to the crime scene investigators or their supervisor.
“The investigation of [a]crime encompasses the collection of information and evidence for identifying, apprehending, and convicting suspected offenders” (Osterburg). Many things may come to mind when an investigation is mentioned, such as TV shows of Law and Order, CSI and Criminal Minds. The realities of an investigation though differ from these TV shows immensely. In reality, there are certain responsibilities an investigator must go through to achieve the evidence needed to prosecute the offender and close the case successfully. It is important to understand that an investigation ultimately contributes the resolution of crimes, which also leads to the crucial process and effort in gathering evidence to accomplish the prosecution of the case.
Closing the Case 3 Closing the case: A glimpse at the Rubik's Cube that is Criminal Investigation In order to understand what crime is and how it has evolved we must define/analyze crimes in depth. Understanding law enforcements role is key to gaining insight about criminal investigation, Two crimes stand out above the rest and impact every community nation wide. Drugs and prostitution are akin to cancer in that they spread swiftly and leave devastation in their wakes. It takes a person with a keen eye, sound judgment, and moral fortitude to combat these problems. Let’s begin with the basics of crime and how law enforcements officials try to keep it off of our streets here in the homeland.
This paper explores deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) collection and its relationship to solving crimes. The collection of DNA is one of the most important steps in identifying a suspect in a crime. DNA evidence can either convict or exonerate an individual of a crime. Furthermore, the accuracy of forensic identification of evidence has the possibility of leaving biased effects on a juror (Carrell, Krauss, Liberman, Miethe, 2008). This paper examines Carrells et al’s research along with three other research articles to review how DNA is collected, the effects that is has on a juror and the pros and cons of DNA collection in the Forensic Science and Criminal Justice community.
Profiling Possible Suspects Although there have been many proposals offered to the logic behind criminals and how they act, the significance of profiling possible suspects are stressed upon by law enforcement in order to achieve and maintain a way to justify the means. Profiling any possible suspects clearly demonstrates that numerous types of individuals follow oth... ... middle of paper ... ...critical facts would be deemed as irrelevant. References Alison, L., Bennell, C., Mokros, A., Ormerod, D. (2002) The Personality Paradox in Offender Profiling: A Theoretical Review of the Processes Involved in Deriving Background Characteristics from Crime Scene Actions. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/1101296/The_Personality_Paradox_in_Offender_Profiling Ford, R.E. (2013).
The purpose of crime scene investigation is to help establish what happened at the crime and to identify the responsible person or people. Carefully documenting the situation at a crime scene and recognizing all-important physical evidence do this. The ability to recognize and properly collect physical evidence is often times vital to bo... ... middle of paper ... ... keep tract and record everything in which they recover from a crime scene. Searching a crime scene is a long and thorough process, however, it will surrender many clues when done properly. Once the evidence is found, recorded and packaged, it must be sent to a crime lab for further processing.