Forensic Anthropology Essay

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Forensic Anthropology is a field of study that deals with the analysis of human skeletal remains resulting from unexplained deaths. It also examines human bones with the goal of extracting information about skeletal remains of a certain person and the circumstances about their deaths. Generally, it is an applied science that embraces both anthropological and forensic studies.
On the other hand, Anthropology is the study of the biological and cultural aspects of all humans in all places in all times. Forensic Sciences is defined as fields of study in medicine and jurisprudence that deal with legal issues, both criminal and civil.
Within this chapter, five main objectives of forensic anthropologists will be discussed. (1) When visual inspection is not possible, forensic specialists attempt to determine ancestry (i.e. race or ethnic group), sex, age, and living height from the skeleton. (2) When traumatic evidences are seen, forensic specialists attempt to identify the nature of traumas and their causative agents at the same time gathering information about the cause and manner of death. (3) Forensic specialists determine the amount of time that has passed since persons have died. (4) Forensic specialists can assist in locating and recovering buried or surface remains wherein all relevant evidences are collected. (5) Forensic specialists can provide information useful in obtaining positive identifications of deceased persons.
Several points were also discussed within this chapter. Fifty years as the span of appropriate period wherein investigation of deaths is possible. Also, decedents are defined as skeletons of deceased persons. Lastly, forensic anthropologists’ modern and traditional roles were discussed within this chapter.
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...icular Skeleton is composed of the bones of the upper and lower limbs. Upper limbs are composed of three paired long limb bones (humeri, ulnae, and radii) and the bones of the hand: wrist (carpals), palm (metacarpals), and fingers (phalanges). Lower limbs are composed of three paired long limb bones (femora, tibiae, and fibulae), the kneecaps (patellae), and three bone sets at the terminus of the leg: ankle and heel (tarsals), foot (metatarsals), and toes (phalanges).
As part of Odontology, overview of the human dentition will be discussed. Important points that will be discussed will be as follows: four types of teeth in the human mouth: incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. Normal humans have two sets of teeth: deciduous (also called baby or milk teeth) and permanent. Similar to studying bones, cardinal directions are used when examining and describing teeth.

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