Foreign Policy In Egypt

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1. Introduction Egypt, one of the oldest nations in the world that goes as far back as 7000 years, has faced imperialism and colonialism from the French, British, Turks and Arabs. A country well positioned which connects easily with the Middle-East and Europe, giving it a diverse economy. Over the past five years Egyptian politics has faced two revolutions and for the first time in many years, there has been mobilisation of new generation leaders that removed one of the longest standing President’s Hosni Mubarak and the first democratically civilian elected President Muhammed Morsi. The foreign policy of Egypt is discussed in this academic script as well as to understand its historical transformations and future of the post-Mubarak and post-Morsi state. 2. Definition of Foreign Policy & Egypt’s Foreign Policy A government needs some sort of policy which serves as a guideline to managing its domestic and international affairs, be them social and economic. A foreign policy is known as the strategy of the government which is used to deal with other nations, it consists of the self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests for the sake of achieving its international goals. However, the decisions made on foreign policy are all made by the human decision-maker, be it the Head of State or the Minister of Foreign Relations. According to Smith et al (2012): The concept of foreign policy is derived from the concept and process of policy, the latter referring essentially to the decisions and key priorities as determined by the decision makers of a state. Foreign policy is regarded as an extension of domestic policy, the one starts where the other ends. It then follows that foreign policy refers to a strat... ... middle of paper ... ...h its triple historical identity dilemma, it needs to find a coherent balance between its Arab, Africa and European ties (Ozkan, 2011: 15). Its choices in foreign policy will determine its success as a country. 6. Conclusion As a country that has endured two revolutions in a short space of time, Egypt has to rework on its constitution and foreign policy. But with its foreign policy it has to strengthen the domestic policies before it embarks on reforming or forming new international relations. What the people of Egypt have shown other Middle-East states is that authoritarian rule will be under threat for the years to come, and one day there will be a Democratic Middle-East. As the next democratic elections near, the party elected into power will have the fate of Egypt in its hands, but the citizens will not allow for another Mubarack or Morsi ruler to rule again.

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