Foreign Aid Essay

analytical Essay
2108 words
2108 words

American politics, specifically, American foreign policy is a very controversial topic of study and subsequent discussion. Foreign aid, defined by the Merriam-Webster dictionary as “the transfer of capital goods from one country to another”, is crucial to U.S. foreign policy. But how can foreign aid, which represents only about 0.2 percent of Gross National Product and less than 1 percent of the federal budget , be important to something as crucial as foreign policy? A few questions must be asked in order to shed some light on this. First, how does the donating nation (for the purpose of this paper, the U.S. and donor/donating country/nation will be used interchangeably) determine how much aid to give? Second, who actually gets the aid? And third, how much aid do the recipient nations receive? Looking back on history and within modern times, the neediest of nations are the not the ones, which receive foreign aid (McKinlay and Little, 1977). In fact, foreign aid can be described as a trade for specific political concessions, which benefit the donor country. How the determination of which country receives foreign aid is usually dependent on the strategic importance to the donor country (as a modern example let us use Egypt, which is in the top five of the countries, which receive the most U.S. foreign aid. Egypt is in a strategic location, in close proximity to Israel). How much aid is actually given will depend on a number of factors, including the current state of affairs in the donor country and any prevailing fears of the time (i.e. the spread of communism during the Cold War, terrorism, etc.). In order to determine how much aid is given, I will draw from the selectorate theory, particularly, from the winning coalition, which is...

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...obally, it is done in a extremely strategic manner, which not only assists in promoting better living standards and policies, which make recipient nations more accountable and transparent, but it dramatically increases national security by ensuring that countries adopt policies, which are beneficial to the U.S. but it also creates allies and in instances strengthens allies in turbulent regions. Foreign aid continues to be one of the most important elements of U.S. foreign policy just as it was as far back as the conclusion of the Second World War and as current as our concentrated efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan. So the next time someone dismisses foreign aid as being something unnecessary and irrelevant to our benefit and foreign policy, consider that without it the U.S. wouldn’t have many allies and could possibly not be anywhere near the superpower it is today.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that foreign aid, defined by merriam-webster dictionary, is crucial to u.s. foreign policy.
  • Explains that the nation itself does not make the decision but the leader does. the u.s. would attempt to purchase an anti-communist stance from s2.
  • Explains the marshall plan, which was a massive foreign aid effort launched by the united states after wwii.
  • Analyzes how the u.s. subverted a communist-leaning government in 1953 to unseat mohammed mossadeq, and in 1954, with the eisenhower administration in power, the premier was replaced with general fazollah zahedi.
  • Analyzes how the dramatic increase in foreign aid to guatemala in the years after the installation of the new government shows once again that american foreign assistance comes in exchange for policy concessions.
  • Explains that the terrorist attacks of september 11th, 2001, on new york city set the background for a u.s. led invasion into afghanistan and iraq.
  • Explains that the united states state department's official goals are to "build and sustain a more democratic, secure, and prosperous world for the benefit of the american people and the international community."
  • Concludes that u.s. foreign policy today may seem too centered around national security. foreign aid is one of the most important elements of its policy as it was as far back as the second world war.
  • Argues that the u.s. isn't buying friends, but helping them open the roads of enterprise and opportunity for their own people.
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