Five Pillars Of Islam Essay

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Identify the significance of the following terms: Bedouin- nomadic tribes originally from northern Arabia, who became major traders between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea after the domestication of the camel during the first millennium B.C.E. Early converts to Islam, their values and practices deeply affected Muhammed. Umma- the Muslim community, as a whole. Qur’an- the holy scriptures of Islam that contain the guidelines by which followers of Allah, known as Muslims, were to live. Its basic message that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his Prophet. the Qur’an is not only the sacred book of Islam but also an ethical guidebook and a code of law and political theory combined. Caliphs- the secular leader of the Islamic…show more content…
What are the “Five Pillars of Islam”? The “Five Pillars of Islam” are belief in Allah and Muhammad as his Prophet; standard prayer five times a day and public prayer on Friday at midday to worship Allah; observation of the holy month of Ramadan, including fasting from dawn to sunset; making a pilgrimage, if possible, to Mecca at least once in one’s lifetime; and giving alms (zakat) to the poor and unfortunate. Describe the strict moral guidelines that believers were required to follow. The strict moral guidelines that believers were required to follow in addition to the “Five Pillars of Islam” are, Muslims were forbidden to gamble, to eat pork, to drink alcoholic beverages, and to engage in dishonest behavior. Also, sexual mores were strict. Moreover, contacts between unmarried men and women were discouraged, and ideally marriages were to be arranged by the parents. Lastly, in accordance with Bedouin custom, polygamy was permitted, but Muhammad attempted to limit the practice by restricting males to four…show more content…
Women did have the right to own and inherit property, but the male was dominant in Muslim society. Some schools of legal thought permitted women to stipulate that their husband could have only one wife or to seek a separation uncertain specific circumstances. Islamic custom required that women be cloistered in their homes and prohibited from social contacts with males outside their own family. Also, the custom of requiring women to cover virtually all parts of their body when appearing in public was common in urban
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