Despite the ratification of the 19th amendment 1920’s, which allowed woman to vote, sexism and gender discrimination is still prevalent in today’s society. The first wave of women’s suffrage occurred in the 1920’s leading up to the 19th amendment, and the second women’s movement is considered to be in the 1960’s, which led to many changes regarding how people perceive women. The second wave focused on getting better treatment for women regarding them in the workforce and how their pay was significantly lower than men’s and how they should juggle family and work, if even allowed. The second-wave women’s movement did significantly alter the American discussion about mothers and employment. After ladies picked up the right to vote with the section of the nineteenth Amendment, women's liberation got less politically obvious throughout the center many years of the twentieth Century (despite the fact that there were still numerous female activists.)
Dicker describes the revolutionary movements that brought about the changes in the society in terms of gender equality and women's rights. Although Dicker reveals significant similarities between the types of struggles in the first and second waves of feminism in the United States, ultimately she demonstrates that the differences outweigh the similarities. In the first wave of feminism, Dicker depicts the struggle that the women are going through to attain women’s right to vote and equality. In the nineteenth century, women were prohibited from voting and feminist such as Susan Anthony got in trouble when then went to vote and were faced with charges. As evidenced in the quote from the book, ‘... women deserved to make their voices heard and, in so doing, create laws that would benefit and protect them,’ the right to vote not only women gave them a chance to make socio-political changes in the country that would empower them, but also gender equality (Dicker 54).
The aspects which were cause for concern were workplace inequality such as denial of prestigious jobs, equal salary and maternity leave. Not only were the current issues based around education and employment, this wave of feminism also focuses on the way in which women could control their bodies and sexuality such as abortions and birth control. The third wave of feminism began in the mid 1990’s onwards, involves the most diverse and individualist ideas in feminist history thus far. This time in
In the United States, the movement lasted through the early 1980s.” During the second phase of feminism, women opposed the issue that many women faced in the workplace aspect such as; women receiving remarkably lower pay than men, career advancement and “Glass Ceiling” theory . The second movement also addressed concealed racial controversy, abortion rights and birth control which was settled in the court case Roe v. Wade, and violence toward women such as; domestic violence, rape, and marital rape. The first and second wave differed in many concerns. The first wave primarily focused on voting rights and right for the woman to work; while the second focused on more social problems such as the concealment of a female’s medical health, a woman 's right to abortion, and discrimination within the workplace. As a conjunction, to the first wave of feminism, the second wave of feminism priorities were predominantly aimed at the advancement white upper and middle-class woman.Women like; Alice & Rebecca Walker, Bella Abzug, Cherie Moraga, Ellie Smeal, Alice Paul,Gloria Anzaldua were the vital role player in the progression of the feminist movement.
Women were faced with great opposition from their male counterparts. The mid- 20th century ranges from about 1934 to 1967 and gave rise to many social movements based off of the movements from the early 20th century. The transition of women in the work place moved from temporary, unorganized, unskilled and exploited workers in the early 20th century to permanent, educated, organized and protected workers in the mid-20th century. “When we stop asking why women have not organized themselves, we are led to ask how women were, and are, kept out of unions” (Kessler-Harris, 94). The Cult of Domesticity rose hand-in-hand with the advancement of the American middle-class.
There has been a drastic change due to feminist approaches to problems faced by women in the social, economic, and political world. So the progress of women from ‘homemakers’ to ‘breadwinners’ is an answer to gender inequality, which indeed existed in society but is now being slowly demolished by feminist approaches. The male view
Feminism has tackled gender inequality in the workforce, within politics, education and various institutes. Within the 20th century some of these issues faced in western culture have been completely reformed due to certain feminist movements that have encouraged women to fight for equal rights. (Crofton: 2011: 272-273) The first and second waves of feminism have proven to be successful by increasing equal rights between men and women. (Kaplan: 1992: 7) Despite these successes which include allowing there is still the fact of the matter remains that women are still objectified by their gender. ()The generalization of gender roles, have proven to be challenging within the feminist movement, this is often due to the objectification of women in the media.
According to Gu Yanling , in general , the focus of feminism is to tell injustice between men and women seek a solution and provide information to build a society that is fair and equitable in culture. Liberal Theory of Feminism is a starting point to other theoretical schools of feminism . This theory is also a focus on the flow of the other theories to be modified and incorporated into their theory . In the 18th century , men in Europe have begun menetang monarchy . This incident sparked the absolute power of feminism began questioning the men.
II. The second wave of feminists started movements that helped the poor, women, and anyone in need of help. Black feminist movements were contributed to aid in youth, protection of the people, and the well-being of an individual which was called the Black Feminist Organization in 1973 (Carabillo, Meuli and Csida 79). In the mid-seventies, the vast majority of foundations founded by women had programmed funding to the movements and was open to the public. Third wave feminism contrasts to the first wave and second wave of feminism because society has changed.
It began in 1990 and is ongoing in today’s society. The third wave feminist use a radical approach while expanding on the views of the previous waves and taking on non-feminine issues. They are more social, advocating for black women, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered community (LGBT), and focusing on many different issues, mostly the disadvantages of different social groups through protests and the media. The growth throughout the feminist movement is apparent, yet, there are still so many controversial issues that oppressed groups are working toward improving. Women now have access to birth control, contraception and the freedom of choice to terminate a pregnancy.