One of the most important events to take place during the high Middle Ages was the issuing of the Crusades by Pope Urban II. This momentum event which would last from 1095 to 1291 (unofficial ending) one could say had a particular effect on the middle east, as the western world tried to gain control over the area. The meaning of the word crusade comes from the word cross. The crusades themselves inspired a tremendous amount of writing in the subject area that it is impossible to read everything on it. There were many reasons people went on the crusades, and therefore a simple cut and dry answer will not do.
Pope Gregory was involved in the Investiture Contest, and soon turned to scholars to seek out “justification for his conviction that violence could be used in defense of the Church and could be authorized by it”. The movements generated by Pope Gregory, as well as the results of the Inve... ... middle of paper ... ...f knighthood. The idea of the crusade, and the affiliated pilgrimage came to be regarded as temporary, adopted, migratory monastic life. Although none of the ideas of Robert, Guibert, and Baldric were new, in fact they were derived from the accounts of those who survived the first crusade, they romanticized the idea of the holy war and knighthood, making it more appealing to the common person, and more morally acceptable in religious circles. Riley-Smith adequately proves his argument that although the idea of crusading was not a new one; the outcome of the first crusade had a direct impact on the ideas surrounding a holy war.
When the papacy finally had the power to help these churches, men had a clearer view of what must happen and that was to free the Holy Land from these infidels (p. 102). The papacy went on a recruiting mission that would turn into a crusade and gathe... ... middle of paper ... ...ne could look at it both ways, but the crusades took place for personal gain and conquest. Medieval Europe wanted revenge for when the Moslems took over Spain and parts of Italy (p. 112). As the Moslems were ousted out of Italy, the Europeans launched campaigns against North Africa shortly afterwards, then later to the Holy Lands (p. 112). Another important point is that Jerusalem holds a great economic and demographic expansion to the East (p. 113).
However, from reading the documents it is apparent that Pope Urban had ulterior motives for encouraging engagement in the war against the Turks. The documents and supporting arguments now highlight that the Pope not only sought to recruit soldiers to help but also to challenge those who had harmed the Christians community and annihilate the Muslims. He put forth the idea that failure to recapture this lands would anger God and that by participating, God would redeem them of their previous sins.in a time of deep devoutness, it is clear this would have been a huge enticement for men to engage in the battle. Whether his motives were clear or not to his people, Pope Urban’s speeches claiming that “Deus vult!” (God wills it) encouraged many Christians to participate and take the cross. Pope Urban II naturally had a religious control over his people and when he gave his speech at the Council of Clermont in November 1905, he constantly referred to it as the will of God.
“Deus vult!” These two words would spark one of the most controversial events in history, the Crusades. Spoken by Pope Urban II, “Deus vult” means “God wills it” in Latin. These two simple words were said to inspire the masses of Europe. They would also cause the bloody conflict that would ravage the Holy Land and drag generations of warriors into the chaos. Today many believe the crusades were a war between Islam and Christianity.
This provoked an enthusiastic response from the knights. Some historians believe that one reason is their intense faith, the other one is Pope ensured to knight they will go to heaven if they died for jihad. Also another incentive is they can get more and more from grab reassure and land in oversea than rob them from their neighborhood. Also, the Pope wanted to get more power to control the king, they need their own military force. The knights were the best choice to establish military, because they were devout enough and strength enough.
Both the Crusaders and the Muslims wanted power. In contradiction the church wanted to reunite Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire with the Roman Catholic Empire giving the Church extra power. Baldwin of Boulogne is a key example in portraying the Crusader’s quest for power; splitting off from the rest of the army and traveling east until he reached Armenian where he would establish himself as ruler. Like Boulogne, Bohemond of Taranto also abandoned the majority to better his own personal status—he took over as Prince of Antioch. Through these two prominent figures we see that power was a necessity to the leaders of this era; and unfortunately the people look up to their leaders and do likewise.
In this essay I will prove that the crusades are important for today’s students to understand why they happened. The Crusades were a series of wars of Christians called the Crusaders who wanted the holy land back; because the Muslim’s had conquered Jerusalem (Holy Land)and they had conquered many other countries, so the crusaders wanted to conquer them, so that was the reason for all the wars. This was the Crusades. The Crusades directly contributed to the rising influence in Catholic Church in Europe and Trade between Europe and Asia grew. The History and War of the Crusades were remembered.
However, the Pope knew he must convince more people than just knight to win Jerusalem and that reason is what Urban states in his speech. “Or rather the Lord, beseech you as Chris... ... middle of paper ... ... people are the factors in the political conflict over the holy land. During the Crusades, the popes were politicians and wanted more land to control, and the same is happening today in the holy land. Fighting over the holy land will be a continuous war, because one religion will never be satisfied over the amount they control. Work Cited "The Crusades (Overview)."
It is amazing how much political and military supremacy the papacy position gained when the Crusades began. The First Crusade (1096-1099) was a military expedition initiated by Pope Urban the II to regain the Holy Lands in Jerusalem from the Muslim conquest. The Pope gave a speech requesting military action against Muslim takeover to the French people of Clermont. The speech eventually propagated to other nations for further recruitment. Urban’s political and military involvement helped regain the Holy Lands and save the Christian Crusaders souls.