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First Corinthians

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First Corinthians

In 146 B.C. the Roman general Mummius crushed Greece’s attempt towards independence by completely destroying the city of Corinth. For a hundred years the area of the city laid in ruins. Eventually Julius Caesar sent a colony of veterans and descendants of Freedmen to rebuild the city, and in a short period of time a new Corinth was created from the old ruins (Ancient Corinth p. 20). During the rebuilding of Corinth Caesar was assassinated and reconstruction was continued by Emperor Augustus (Background First Corinthians).
Corinth is a Grecian city, located on the isthmus which joins the Peloponnesus to the mainland of Greece. It is forty-eight miles west of Athens (Ancient Corinth p.16). The Isthmus is a strip of land that connects the lower peninsula of Greece with the mainland which is where the term “Isthmus” came from, in reference to any strip of land between two seas. The city was situated on a tableland two hundred feet above sea level (Zondervan Encyclopedia p.960-961)
The location of Corinth helped to build its character to a great extent. It was a city that was excellently designed for shipping and trade. This fact invited a mixed population. There were two harbors in the city's position of control over the isthmus (Zondervan Encyclopedia p.960). Lechaeum provided for the westward side, facing the Corinthian gulf, and Cenchreae functioned as the harbor on the eastward side, facing the Saronic Gulf (Ancient Corinth p.40-41). In the 5th century B.C., Corinth was one of the three major powers within Greece, and they participated in all of the battles against Persia (Ancient Corinth p. 19)
See map for Missionary Journeys.

Paul came to Corinth for the first time on his second missionary journey toward the end of the year 51 A.D. (Zondervan Encyclopedia p.962). Paul wrote Romans while he was in Corinth and the list of Latin names found at the end of the letter agrees with historical statement that Corinth was a Roman colony. Jews naturally found a place in Corinth, and the Jewish population rose even higher when the edict of Claudius expelled the Jews from Rome. Along with many of the Jews came Paul, to the city of Corinth (History First Corinthians).
Paul spent eighteen months in the city of Corinth, (Acts 18:11) and during the time he spent in Corinth, Paul laid down the foundation of the Church of Corinth. The congrega...

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...p; Baptism iii. Paul’s plans, final greeting, (16:19-24)

Works Cited

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“Corinth” and “First Corinthians” The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible Grand Rapids: Michigan, 1975.
Guthrie, Donald New Testament Introduction United States, December 1975.
Henderson, Charles “Christianity – General” 2005, 14 March, 2005.
“History of the Book of First Corinthians” 2003, 14 March, 2005. < http://1corinthians.jesusanswers.com/ >

Lenski, R.C.H. The Interpretation of I and II Corinthians Minneapolis: Minnesota, 1963.
Papahatzis, Nicos Ancient Corinth The Museums of Corinth, Isthmia and Sicyon Athens 1981.
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< http://www.stmarksberowra.org/sermons/1corinthians1.html>
Smith, Gordon “New Testament Story Outlined in Maps” 14 March, 2005.
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Walvoord, John F. The Bible Knowledge Commentary.
United States, 1986.
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