The current performance of the firm which are revealed in the financial statements can be compared with some standards set earlier and the aberration could be between quality and actual performance can be used as a hint of efficiency of the management. Question 2 An accountant performs financial functions related to the collection, accuracy, recording, analysis and presentation of a business, organization or company's financial operations. The accountant usually have different roles in a company's operations. In a smaller business, an accountant's role may consist of the main financial data collection, input and report generation. Between, the middle to larger sized companies could use the accountant as a consultant and financial interpreter, who may present the company's financial data to people within and outside of the business.
Balance sheet, Income statement, statement of cash flows, and statement of stockholders’ equity The balance sheet is one of the major financial statements used by accountants and business owners. The balance sheet displays an organization's fiscal position at the finish of a specified date. Some depict the asset report as a "preview" of the organization's budgetary position at a focus a minute or a moment in time. The income statement is imperative since it demonstrates the benefit of an organization throughout the time interim specified. The period of time that the statement spreads is picked by the business and will differ.
QUESTION 1 Financial Accounting is an accounting system that tries to meet the needs of the various user groups especially for external users. It’s overall purpose is to construct financial reports that provide information about a firm's performance to external parties such as investors, creditors, and tax authorities. Types of financial reports used are Statement of Financial Position, Statement of income and Statement of cash flow. Users of the information are stockholders, government, investors and tax authorities. Management Accounting is an accounting system is used for internal decision making.
Annual report analysis of Kotak Mahindra Bank Limited Financial statements provide an overview of a business' financial condition in both short and long term. They help in understanding the past performance of the company and making future predictions about the company. It thus helps us to look beyond the profit figures. There are 3 basic financial statements. They are:- Income Statement Balance Sheet & Cash Flow Statement Purpose of financial statements "The objective of financial statements is to provide information about the financial position, performance and changes in financial position of an enterprise that is useful to a wide range of users in making economic decisions.
It's important as it offers quantitative information of financial dynamics to various stakeholders which will be found in making a monetary decision. These stakeholders include traders, management, administration, suppliers, financiers, regulators etc. Business accounting assists in making lots of short-term and permanent business decisions which helps an organization to increase as well as penetrate the market. The principal function of accounting is to make details of all trades that the organization enters into. Realizing what qualifies as a business deal and making an archive of the same is named bookkeeping.
The information provided in the financial statements under the financial accounting system is used by auditors to analyze the businesses financial position. Maintaining an accounting standard for report for external users is al... ... middle of paper ... ...nancial information and how to analyze the information reported. While each type of accounting is necessary, they are aimed at different audiences and have various standards that are necessary to adequately evaluate the financial position of the company. Financial accounting is primarily the function of putting financial statements together in accordance to GAAP so that the information can be viewed and analyzed for external users, including auditors and shareholders. Managerial accounting is the process of compiling financial statements that will aid the management team in making decisions for the organization.
When examining the major differences between financial and managerial accounting, we find that with financial accounting the information is reported in statements. The financial statements objectively and periodically report the results of past operations and the financial condition of the business according to the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) (Vallabhaneni, 2003). Examples include shareholders, creditors, government agencies, and the public. On the other hand, managerial accounting information includes both historical and estimated data used by management in conducting daily operations, planning future operations, and developing overall business strategies (Vallabhaneni, 2003). Managerial accounting also includes information for decision-making, planning, directing, controlling an organization's operations, and appraising its competitive position.
Oval: Financial Reporting Oval: Management Accounting Oval: Financial Management Financial Accounting deals with the measurements and reports of the financial position of the organisation and providies this to external users such as the shareholders, creditors, government agencies, etc. 2. " Finacial Accounting is the art of recording, classifying and summarising in a significant anner and in terms of money,... ... middle of paper ... ...ctual performance with budgeted performance is called budgetary control. This is a crucial activity because every organisation has to evaluate whether the activities and operations are going in the right direction for achieving the organisational objectives. The actual performance has to be compared with the budgeted performance on the basis of actual level of activity.
The process of systematic recording of the business transaction in the various books of account maintained by the entity with ultimate purpose of preparing financial statement there from is called Financial Accounting. Financial accounting summarizes the transaction taking place during a period with the objective of preparing the financial statements Balance sheet indicates the state of affair of the organization or entity at a given point of time in terms of its assets and liabilities while Profit/loss statement shows the result of operation carried out by the organization during the given period of time. To ascertain the profit or loss and indicate the financial position of an organization is the main purpose of the financial accounting.
We typically measure this by reviewing general accounting records such as operating income, return on assets, sales growth, and cash flow from operations. The balanced scorecard uses financial performance measures, such as net income and return on investment, because all for-profit organizations use them. Financial performance measures provide a universal measure for analyzing and comparing companies. Financial institutions and shareholders, rely heavily on these financial performance measures when deciding whether to lend or invest funds in a company. When analyzing the financial data from a company it is important to not only consider the current performance of the company, but also the historical and future data as well.