The first main cause of the Two-Thousand-Eight financial crisis was the eruption in the housing sector in the United States that spiked in the years of Two-Thousand Five and Six. Because of this, there were high cases of defaults on adjustable and subprime mortgage rates. Therefore, banks
"How to Fix the U.S. Financial Crisis." Scientific American Global RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2014.
First, let’s focus on the US crisis and the main reasons behind it. The problem began when banks started to issue ‘Ninja Loans’. These were loans that anybody could take out and they didn’t require you to have a job, assets or any type of income. They were offered on teaser rates that jumped by up to 2%. The main issue with these loans was that they were non-recourse, that is, the banks couldn’t chase the owners for money. They only had the house as a security and this made it very easy for people to walk away fr...
The current recession or financial crises began in United States of America and created a domino effect of creating instability in the financial markets the world over; the spark of this recession ignited fire around December 2007. Our current financial crisis is also known as sub-prime mortgage crisis and it occurred because of reckless practices of giving out loans, without backing them with security or collateral. Obviously this credit bubble that had been blown by investment and commercial banks primarily popped when loans started going bad and risky borrowings got exposed. The fall of Lehman Brothers was a major blow as it created a situation of panic. This was also accompanied by a fall in house and share prices.
A financial crisis is usually a summation of events, including substantial variations in credit volume and asset prices, brutal disruptions in monetary intermediation and the need for support from the government. Financial crises are usually prefaced by asset and credit growth which later results into busts. The macroeconomic and monetary effects are usually severe. Huge output losses are frequent to many crises while extra macroeconomic variables record major declines (Cafruny & Schwartz 2013).
Financial crisis and resulting worldwide depression has at the present moved from containing the infection to precise actions designed at promote improvement and altering policy to stop to reoccurrence of the trouble. There are many financial experts says that the improving economic and financial position might reason rigid improvement of the monetary scheme to be unable to find some grip the crowded policy. “Financial market a place or channel for buying or selling stocks, bonds, and other securities” (O’BRIEN, 2011). Financial market encourage the wide-ranging security of the country at the same time as caring taxpayer interests and facilitate business operation with no creating a ethical risk. For example the New York stock exchanges if people want to hold a share of stock in Microsoft or apple they have own security because they can sell that share in the stock market. In the other hand if people want to check account at Citibank or Wels Fargo, they check account because this is an asset this is not a security. “Financial intermediary a financial firm, such as a bank, that borrows funds from savers and ends them to borrowers” (O’BRIEN, 2011). The worldwide financial crisis brew for a while, actually happening to confirm its consequence in the middle of 2007, approximately the globe stock markets have fallen, big financial institutions have collapsed or been bought out, and governments in still the wealthiest nations have had to move toward up by means of save packages to provide security for their monetary system.
Many of the “Elite” financial figures could not give a definite answer about why this crisis occurred as well as stated by many of the people interviewed, “We don’t know how it happened.” Many young brokers working for JP Morgan back in the middle of the 90’s believed they could come up with a way to cut risk, credit derivatives. Credit Derivatives are just a way of using other methods to separate and transfer risk to someone else other than the vender and free up capital. They tested their experiment with Exxon Mobile who were facing millions of dollars in damage for the Valdez Oil Spill back in 1989 by extending their line of credit. This also gave birth to credit default swaps (CDS) which a company wants to borrow money from someone who will buy their bond and pay the buyer back with interest over time. Once the JP Morgan and Exxon Mobile credit default swap happened, others followed in their path and the CDS began booming throughout the 90’s. The issue was that many banks in...
The global economic crisis beginning mid-2007 was and still is an unsettling event in the history of the world economy. But politicians today, and in fact, many major corporations of the world have found that it was beneficial simply to ignore it. But in October 2011, the world saw one of the largest uproars ever seen in the face of the economic crisis. From New York to Rome, the public voiced dissatisfaction with government policy fueled by the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of 1930. Called “Occupy Wall Street”, the movement drew the attention of the media the world over. But what are the causes of the global financial crisis? How did we, or our governments, let it happen?
According to Kunt et al. (2011:240) financial crisis is an event in which substantial losses at financial institutions and/or failure of these institutions cause, or threaten to cause, dislocations to the real economy, measured in terms of output foregone. Global capital markets pose the same kinds of problems that jet planes do. They are faster, more comfortable, and they get you where you are going well. But the crashes are much more spectacular. Financial crisis has put a mass hindering thin route on the actual economy, labour markets and the profound mental layers of society, even as some fraction of the world economic elites act as if nothing has occurred.
O'Driscoll, G., Jr. (2009). The financial crisis: Origins and consequences. Intercollegiate Review, 44(2), 4-12. Retrieved from http://www.isi.org