The political, social, and economic changes impacted the relationship between the two countries. Many of the issues began when they took the fight to space to see who had the best technology, military firepower, and stronger social, political, and economic systems. Politics was the main point, over science, in Americas point of view of the Space Race, but to the Soviets it was Science over everything. The Space Race was a giant step into the United States winning the Cold War.
On October 4, 1957 the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite and caught America and the whole world off guard. This was the Soviet's first push in the historical "Space Race." There was great fear surrounding this launch; a certain question was on everyone's minds, could the Soviets send Nuclear weapons with ballistic missiles from Europe to the U.S.? Even before the U.S. could respond the Soviets launched Sputnik II carrying an increased payload and the first dog in space named Laika, it seemed the U.S. space program would never catch up. In order for the U.S. to win the Space Race they would have to succeed in putting a man in earth orbit, but it was on April 12, 1961 just four years after sputnik was launched, Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin went into earth orbit edging out the United States' chance to put the first man in space.
This was what started the space race between the United States and Russia. This event startled the world by giving the impression that America was behind the Soviets in science and technology. The Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo programs would follow in rapid sequences as the American space program raced to catch up with the Soviets. In 1969, the race essenti... ... middle of paper ... ...with the proper equipment and there are other planets outside the earth and what their atmospheres consist of. The Soviet Union learned that it is possible for the sun to power an object (solar power) and the missiles that help launch the satellites can be used as military weapons that can be guided.
Beginning in 1955, the Space Race was a technological “race” between the US and the USSR, the main goal of which was to establish a leader in spaceflight. The rivals believed that the technology gained by spaceflight was necessary for national security and research potential, in addition to proving the technological superiority of each ideology. The early endeavors of it included the launching of probes and satellites to Mars, Venus, the Moon, the Space Race also began with manned spaceflight in low-earth orbit. The Space Race was officially sparked on August 2, 1955 when the USSR declared that they had plans of launching their own probe on 4 days later in response to the US's announcement of launching an unmanned satellite into space for the International Geophysical Year. The Soviets took an early lead with the launch of Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957.
The United States and the Soviets made nuclear rockets to test there capability in traveling half way around the world, they were known as intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs. The nuclear rockets began the technology advancement in NASA program (Evans). The space exploration was a distraction from nuclear war and weapons. The space race raised cold war tensions, and made the United States work harder for success against the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union launched a surprise missile the "Sputnik" on October 4, 1957, to orbit the Earth meanwhile initiating the competition between the two countries.
After World War II, the capitalist U.S. and the communist U.S.S.R. developed a long period of tension and rivalry, commonly referred to as “The Cold War.” In our history class we learned that this rivalry led to a competition in space between the two superpowers to prove which one had the best economic system, military, science, and technology. This competition became known as “The Space Race.” It all started on October 4, 1957, when the U.S.S.R. launched Sputnik 1 into space. The Sputnik (“traveler” in Russian) was the first satellite made by mankind. It consisted in a small beeping metal ball, with a diameter of less than two feet and a weight of less than 200 pounds. The ball was small, but it started a big space race between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.
Finally in October 1957, the USSR launched Sputnik into space. Thus began years of rivalry for control of outer space called the Space Race. This paper seeks to answer the question of which country won the Space Race. The answer to the question of who won the Space Race might be controversial, and it all depends on who you ask the question.It is an understanding that “mankind’s access to new frontiers has always been a major factor in in the future success of societies that exploited the opportunities when they arose ”(Richardson). The United States was obsessed with space technology flexing its muscles at acquiring more arsenals albeit to expand supremacy.
Works Cited Cadbury, Deborah. Space Race: The Epic Battle Between America and the Soviet Union for Dominance of Space. Great Britain: Fourth Estate, 2005. Print. Holland, Gini.
In the late 1960’s and 1970’s NASA was still running off of their glory from winning the space race against the Soviet Union by putting a man on the Moon. A manned mission to Mars or a journey to the many Moons of Saturn seemed right around the corner. Project Orion, for example, was a space project that had planned for a nuclear bomb powered rocket to take men and supplies to the far away Saturn Moon of Orion. “It would have been enormously risky,” says Freeman Dyson (Folger), who was one of the astronauts which volunteered to go on the Project Orion rocket. Any person in the capsule would be subject to large amounts of radiation.
Although a manned moon landing proved to be an extreme challenge to the US, they were determined to do it. Before becoming the famous Astronaut people know today, Neil Armstrong went to Purdue University to study aeronautical engineering. After suffering an accident in the Navy, he was forced out and decided to complete his Bachelors degree, where he became a test pilot. He eventually