After the Seven Years Way England was broke for she had spent more money needed to win the war. Also winning the war gave the colonist a “we can do it spirit”. However because England now was facing debt she decided to tax the colonies. One the first acts passed was the sugar act passed in 1764. This Act was the raise revenue in American colonies. What it did was lowered the tax from six penses to three penses per gallon on foreign molasses. Molasses is a product made by refining sugarcane, grapes or sugar beets into sugar. This upset the colonist because before the sugar act they didn’t have to pay the tax so even if it was lowered that meant nothing for they now had to pay for it. A year later, in 1765, the Britain’s passed another act known as the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act put a tax on stamped paper, publications, playing cards, etc. Because it was on all paper products in a way it affected everyone; from the papers for the upper class such as lawyers, publications such as newspapers for the middle class, and playing cards for the lower class for entertainment. Next, the Townshend Act passed by Charles Townshend. This came in 1767, which imposed taxes on colonial tea, lead, paint, paper, and glass which just like the Stamp Act affected all of the classes in the colonist in the Americas. Though this act was removed three years later in 1770, it still left colonists with a warning that conditions may become worse. Around 1773, parliament passed the Intolerable Acts one of those acts which affected taxation was the Bost...
When the colonies were being formed, many colonists came from England to escape the restrictions placed upon them by the crown. Britain had laws for regulating trade and collecting taxes, but they were generally not enforced. The colonists had gotten used to being able to govern themselves. However, Britain sooned changed it’s colonial policy because of the piling debt due to four wars the British got into with the French and the Spanish. The most notable of these, the French and Indian War (or the Seven Years’ War), had immediate effects on the relationship between the colonies and Great Britain, leading to the concept of no taxation without representation becoming the motivating force for the American revolutionary movement and a great symbol for democracy amongst the colonies, as Britain tried to tighten their hold on the colonies through various acts and measures.
The American Revolution was sparked by a myriad of causes. These causes in themselves could not have sparked such a massive rebellion in the nation, but as the problems of the colonies cumulated, their collective impact spilt over and the American Revolution ensued. Many say that this war could have been easily avoided and was poorly handled by both sides, British and American; but as one will see, the frame of thought of the colonists was poorly suited to accept British measures which sought to “overstep” it’s power in the Americas. Because of this mindset, colonists developed a deep resentment of British rule and policies; and as events culminated, there was no means to avoid revolution and no way to turn back.
In October of 1765, the same year the act was passed, the Stamp Act Congress met with delegates from nine colonies and petitioned the King of England, along with the two houses of Parliament. This petition and reaction to the act became the first formal cry for reformation with regard to England’s control over America. In addition to the Stamp Act of 1765, other various taxations aroused a spirit of revolution in America. One year before the Stamp Act, the Sugar Act of 1764 lowered the duty on molasses and raised the duty on sugar. While this act was designed to raise money, the majority of the Americans did not view it as any different than traditional taxations. Another set of taxes, known as the Townshend Duties, taxed goods imported to the colonies from England. Townshend judged this to be more practical because the duty was on “external” goods (those imported to the country) rather than “internal” goods, which the Stamp Act had attempted to address.
The Townshend Act placed a tax on basically anything that was imported through the American borders and might have been the largest promoter of the American Revolution. The British applied this tax to American colonists as a way of punishing them for what they called “misbehaving” and to quickly gain free revenue. American colonists, of course, did not like this act and a mass spread of dissatisfaction scattered across the colonies. The colonists showed their hatred by boycotting several types of British goods such as: pencils, paper, and, last but certainly not the least, British tea. The colonists showed their new found American patriotism by having protests and rallies outside of public buildings. I would make the argument that the Townshend Act hit the colonies so hard due to the British just releasing them from the Sugar Act one year prior. This Townshend Act seemed to be the last straw for American colonists as this tax seemed to be pure
Feudalism is a system of land ownership and duties that were used in the Middle Ages. Under feudalism, all the land in a kingdom was the king's. However, the king would give some of his land to the lords or nobles who fought for him. Rulers in all society wanted to create law and order and ensure that people make good use of the society’s resources. That is why feudalism was created. Monarchs had to accept limits on their own personal power. They also needed to respond to expectations that other groups in society have a say in decision-making. People began to use medieval courts for problems that had previously been solved by trial by combat.
The first section of the Communist Manifesto describes the history of all society as the history of class conflicts. Claiming, that every society is essentially divided into, the oppressors and the oppressed. Furthermore, Marx adds, in the past, societies were organized in more complex combinations and hierarchies, but modern society is being split into two ‘hostile camps’. There has always been a continuous conflict between the different classes; the end result of these conflicts is always, either the total suppression of the oppressed classes, or a revolution, which leads to an overhaul of society. He blames the cause for the separation of modern society into only two groups, on the fall of feudalism. These new class antagonisms are between the proletariat, and the bourgeoisie.
Yet Britain still tried to keep them under their power. One day, the Royal Crown is starting to run low on funds for war. They required money to support the efforts in battle. The solution they came up with was to raise taxes for the colonists ("Causes of the American Revolution."). The people of the colonies were outraged. Why? Not just because they were over taxed, but the fact that they weren’t consulted on the matter. England did not confer at all with the colonies on these terms. They just put their laws into place and forced the taxes to be raised. Expectedly, the colonists weren 't going to take this lightly. To avoid paying these taxes, they began to boycott British goods. Britain was actually losing money. They would spend the money on the imports and for them to be sent to the colonies, only for the people to reject them. Adventually the taxes were removed. Except, the act that increased taxes on tea. Many now know what follows, the Boston Tea Party. This was a raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor on December 16, 1773. Boston colonists disguised as Indians and threw mass amounts of tea into the harbor as a sign of protest against the high taxation. This was one of the earliest revolutionary acts of that large scale. Thousands of dollars in damage done. Although thomas wasn’t involved in it, his writings inspired such acts. The power of the press is to be reckon
Due to the redundant acts in the 1760s, the American Colonies demanded to revolt from Great Britain. The colonies would either fight or resist the actions , or taxes placed upon them by the British. They revolted due to the Boston Tea Party of 1773, and the Boston Massacre of 1770. All of these taxes were placed upon the colonies to help Great Britain pay off the debt of the French and Indian War. The colonist were resentful towards the British because they did not have a say in the British Parliament, which led to the saying “no taxation without representation” in approximately 1761 by James Otis. The British Parliament was the Congress of Britain, which passed the laws and taxes on the colonies. Overall, the colonies would either fight or resist the taxes passed on them, which would then lead to the American Revolution.
The Townshend Acts put a tax on all British imports. In 1768 when the Townshend Act was passed, imports cost about 2.2 million pounds of sterling. The act was later repealed in 1770 but a tax was still kept on tea (Document 2). Colonists were upset about the acts and people began protesting against the British. In March 1770, a crowd of drunk men outside of a tavern gathered around a group of British Soldiers. The men began cursing and throwing things at the soldiers in protest against the Townshend and Quartering Acts. Confusion and fright struck the soldiers resulting in the British firing into the crowd of angry colonists. Five of the colonists were killed and ten were injured due to the shots fired by the British. News of the event spread quickly throughout the colonies and the tragic night became known as the Boston
In 1775 -1783 Americans believed British control over the colonies had was overwhelming. Americans sought freedom through rebellion because of the political control that would eventually lead to the Revolutionary War. Britain had decided to impose taxes on the Americans, controlling them economically, and the Americans believed that they had no right to do so. Britain had convinced itself through Parliament that the British had every right to control the lives of the colonist socially by enforcing new laws and acts and through fear. Britain attempted to try to control America but failed to keep control of the colonist.
Because of the British war debts from protecting the American colony during the French and Indian War, the British parliament decided to tax the colonies. The sugar act of 1764 put taxes on importing sugar. The Townshend act of 1767 imposed taxes on
Marxism is a set of theories, or a system of thought and analysis, developed by Karl Marx in the nineteenth century in response to the Western industrial revolution and the rise of industrial capitalism as the predominant economic mode. Like feminist theory, Marxist theory is directed at social change; Marxists want to analyze social relations in order to change them, in order to alter what they see are the gross injustices and inequalities created by capitalist economic relations. My capsule summary of the main ideas of Marxism, however, will focus on the theoretical aspects more than on how that theory has been and is applicable to projects for social change.
The British had grown desperate to sustaining revenue from America. As a result of the failure of their previously enacted Stamp Act, the British government minister Charles Townshend ratified the Townshend Acts in 1767. This act supported adding indirect taxes on imported materials from Britain such as glass, lead, paint, and paper; not to mention an added tax the most popular drink in the colonies – tea. Unsurprisingly, the colonists backlashed this act with rage and preached, “Taxation without representation,” to defy the act. Once again similar to the