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Fertilizer Water Pollution

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Fertilizer pollution
Fertilizers are very commonly used on all types of farms and plants, but they strongly affect water pollution, and can be a big problem. Whether if fertilizers are organic or artificial, if they get into water ecosystems, they can cause very large problems. The fertilizers will cause an algae bloom, which can later cause dead zones. Dead zones are spots in which large algae blooms happened, and there are very little animals in the marine zone. Fertilizer pollution interacts with economic and political issues, and many things must be done in order to help resolve the issue.
When Fertilizers are used, the rainwater washes them, and they merge with the rain water, as they evaporate. The Fertilizer runoff then goes into the water, and causes large problems. The main problem with this is that the fertilizers will end up in places like lakes and rivers, which can be a huge problem if there is a marine ecosystem. When the fertilizers go into the water, they cause something called algae blooms, in which all the algae, will bloom and grow very fast to the top of the water. This process of the fertilizers getting into the water is called eutrophication, and it also darkens and clouds all the water, not to mention causing harsh odor problems in the water. The darkened water reduces the algae and plants execution of photosynthesis, which means less oxygen, is produced. Finally, when the algae that has bloomed dies, which happens fast, microorganisms feed off the algae, which strongly depletes the oxygen for other animals under the water, causing many fish to die.
Fertilizers are strong pollutants, but there a few solutions, that can reduce the pollution. The main solution, that won’t get rid of all pollutants, but will...

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