In Judith Fryer’s essay, The Faces of Eve” Women in the 19th Century Novel, she puts forth her positions on The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne. The reader can gather that she believed that the book was written as a feminist novel as Hawthorne created the ambiguous female character, Hester Prynne. Fryer raises valid points about the novel by explaining how Hester came about because of Hawthorne’s personal conflicts in his society as he was alienated from a masculine society. She also stated how Hester was the most self- reliant character in the novel, making her stand out from the rest of society. Finally, Hawthorne described the male characters in the novel as being much weaker than Hester.
Feminism is the movement advocating social, political, and all other rights of women to be equal to those of men. Feminists have fought an uphill battle against the majority emotion of male superiority. Throughout time, there has been evidence of the evolution of feminism in British Literature. Jane Austen and the Bronte sisters are feminist writers who have helped shape feminist literature during the Romantic and Victorian eras. The importance of women in society has been emphasized through the writings of these authors.
With the situation that all the characters face, Hawthorne establishes the female as the triumphant one, accomplishing something that, during Nathaniel Hawthorne’s time, authors did not attempt. In the beginning of the book, Hawthorne paints the picture of a female named Hester who has sinned. Not only is she publicly ostracized for having an affair while unmarried, but her major repercussion, her daughter, receives her punishment as well because she derives directly from sin. It is through these tribulations that Hawthorne exemplifies Hester and Pearl, no matter how young, as strong, independent females. These characteristics were not easily applied to females during this time.
Feminism is a source of empowerment for women. True feminism supports both men and women, and understands that both genders have social issues that must be fixed. Feminists can be from anywhere, or be anyone despite gender. Feminism has been a movement for a long time, first becoming prominent during the fight for women’s suffrage and changing since then in the problems it faces. Feminism is important because it fights for social, political, and economic equality by giving strength to women and encouraging independence and acceptance.
Their goal, to create a "sentimental priesthood" that will achieve collective power and retribution as oppressed "victims" of a white-male supremacy, seems unreasonable (Himmelfarb 20). In contrast, "equity feminists," or "academic feminists," embrace the basic principles of feminism. They celebrate women's achievements, work for the individual rights of all women, and, as Christina Hoff Sommers aptly says, "want for women what they want for everyone, equal protection under the law" (Himmelfarb 20). Though not all feminists agree on how to reach this goal, most argue for a reasonable, realistic, and positive method. By contrasting the differing feminist ideas of writers like Adrienne Rich, Gertrude Himmelfarb, and Camille Paglia, one defines a winning brand of feminism: a philosophy founded on equity feminist ideology and dedicated to the achievement of social, political, economic, and intellectual reform.
In The Scarlet Letter, Hester has self-confidence, and she refuses to let society judge her mistake throughout the book. Hester throughout the novel is portrayed as a mighty woman with strong willpower because she has to deal with having the scarlet letter on her bosom for the townspeople to stare and secretly spread cruel rumors around the town about her sin of adultery. Branded with the scarlet letter. Hawthorne, “The letter was the symbol of her calling. Such helpfulness was found in her, ---so much to do, and power to sympathize, ---that many people refused to interpret the scarlet A by its original signification.
They are groups of males who believe feminism has gone too far, in addition to men’s concerns are not being heard or met. Male activist groups are concerned about issues of male disadvantage, discrimination and oppression with association to male suicide, false rape accusations and masculinity crisis. ‘MGTOW’ movement is an extremist group against feminism and believe men are alpha to women and continue to strive for post modernism times. The growing phenomena, claims to be spread across Canada, America and the UK (MGTOW, 2016). They believe that men are forced to take personal responsibility for mistakes that are not theirs, even extreme as claiming marriage/divorce and children are not their responsibility and the responsibility of women.
Literature and language is a powerful tool. It has the capabilities to move audiences, transform and mold societies, and give insights to a civilization’s thoughts. The feminist and transcendentalist movements occurred nearly simultaneously in history and pushed each other with their growing popularity. Feminism and transcendentalism boiled down to major components is the equality of women and men in society and individual thoughts, respectfully. The Scarlet Letter can be considered a feminist novel through the author, Nathaniel Hawthorne’s, use of transcendentalist ideals to highlight universal women equality through the lead female characters’ actions.
To start off, the word feminist referred to as a woman who is fighting for their rights. It is the undertaking supporting the rights of women. Feminist is when a woman put in determination to improve herself. At times, men can bring women’s
Most interestingly, I find true contradiction in this commentary; for the man appears to be explaining himself throughout the piece, despite his best efforts to remain strong in core values. It seems that he wants to prove his conformity to conservative standards of what male conduct should be, whether out of internal argument or communal necessity, and sell his preferences as acceptable. With respect to men in positions that are usually viewed to be the job of a woman, the adverse conditions and pressures of society can easily explain the difficulties a man experiences in choosing such arrangements. For instance, male nurses are prime targets of this abuse. These professionals are typically viewed as feminine, weak and homosexual examples of the male species, simply because of their preference of employment.