Fellowships, Training and Graduate Link Programs

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The Government has been following a balanced strategy toward educational development. It has expanded access to primary and secondary education and the enrolment ratio now stands at 117 percent for primary education and 45 percent for secondary. The Government has just begun implementing a nine-year basic education program, which extends basic education to junior secondary education (grades 7-9), as well as its programs to improve the quality of basic education. The Government recognizes the importance of extended 9-year basic education as the critical foundation for human resource development. Regarding higher education and higher level professional human resources the Government is following a dual strategy: (a) supporting the growth and qualitative improvement of domestic undergraduate and graduate education in the long run; and (b) meeting immediate shortages through fellowships in the short run. The Government's fellowship policy, often assisted by Bank financing, has been to upgrade the current stock of manpower: retrain or upgrade existing civil servants through overseas fellowships to meet the high level manpower Needs of the economy-needs that have not been met by the normal workings of the educational system prior to employment in the civil service. In the broader human resource sector, major government themes to increase the quality of human resources and economic efficiency, including industrial development policies, have been laid out in all three major government planning documents: (a) 1993 Guidelines of State Policies (GBHN); (b) Sixth Five-Year Development Plan 1994-1998 (Repelita VI); and (c) Second 25-year Long-term Plan (PJPT II). In these plans, the Government aims to strengthen its capacity in making and ... ... middle of paper ... ... international trade. The fellowships from STAID would be for S&T graduate programs to assist with the improvement of S&T, management and technical skills in industry. Lessons would be learned from the experience of this pilot scheme to demonstrate how a general, national competitive fellowship scheme could be implemented. The fellowships for fresh domestic S 1 graduates would be restricted to study programs and technical areas not yet available in sufficient quality in Indonesia. Fellows would be selected on an open merit-based system and have available the same services and level of support given to civil service overseas fellows. Selected candidates would also make their own arrangements to reach a specified language requirement before entering project funded pre-departure training. Fellowships for fresh SI graduates would be financed 100 percent by the project.

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