Federalists Versus Republicans

839 Words4 Pages
Once the American Revolution was over, America gained independence from Britain, but they still had more troubled times before them. Soon George Washington came into office, he set up his Cabinet, and soon the new nation was just beginning. However, there were a few problems brewing for the new nation. This included wars in Europe and the new country had to choose whom to support – France or Britain. There was also the matter of debt, which had accumulated through the Revolution, and now the government had its first crisis on hand. These problems left two of Washington’s Cabinet members separated. This separation is what led to the beginning of political parties in America. In order to solve the debt plan, Washington gave his Secretary of Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, the job of figuring out a solution. His plan was in 3-steps: America will pay the debt, make a National Bank, and raise taxes on imported goods. Soon Jefferson and the Southerners rejected this plan. The South believed that the tax would only benefit the North and that since they paid off their own debt, the North should do the same. Jefferson believed that it was not in the government’s power to make a National Bank; he believed the idea was unconstitutional. These disputes would soon foreshadow the problems between the North and South, as well as the beginnings of political parties in America. This split between two people’s opinion led the development of sides, the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans, or just simply the Republicans. Alexander Hamilton led the former, while Jefferson headed the latter. The two soon had their own ideas about how to solve the problems the nation faced. The Republicans believed that political power should go to the people. ... ... middle of paper ... ...006. 156-67. Print. Democratic-Republican Party. Princeton University, n.d. Web. 29 Dec. 2013. . Encyclopedia Britannica: Federalist Party. N.p., 2013. Web. 20 Dec. 2013. Federal Judicial Center: History of the Federal Judiciary. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2013. . Haugen, Brenda. Alexander Hamilton. Minneapolis: Compass Point Books, 2005. 65-77. Print. Heinrichs, Ann. Profiles of the Presidents: Thomas Jefferson. Minneapolis: Compass Point Books, 2002. 26-32. Print. Payan, Gregory. The Federalists and Anti-Federalists: How and Why Political Parties Were Formed in Young America. First ed. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group Inc., 2004. N. pag. Print.

More about Federalists Versus Republicans

Open Document