At its core, multiculturalism is an approach which can be used to foster and sustain ethnic and cultural differences by using social, economic and educational mean to celebrate diversity. (Hasmath 2016). Using The Canadian Multiculturalism Act as the basis of understanding multicultural policy, particularly sections three and five, which outline the policy and actions government must take to enact them, it can be inferred that the goals of Canadian government are to foster and include all cultures, ethnicities and religions in society. Using demographic trends, the government can understand how certain groups settle within Canada and how to accommodate their needs (Citizen and Immigration Canada 2012). There is a fundamental belief in rights of the citizen regardless of origin (Canadian Justice Laws 2016).
Perhaps the answer lies in the juxtaposition of the two ideas. One being a proponent of seeing things through many lenses and the other using those lenses to create cleavages that allow for change in the system. This particular government seems to have used its interpretive lens to leverage enough power to rule ‘in the absolute’. Although, this paper is not a commentary on the evils perpetrated on behalf of the Constitution by Prime Minister Harper. Rather, a perspective on how it has been used, to show its flexibility.
Democratic rights allow individuals to voice their opinions to the government and mobility rights allow society to freely immigrate and emigrate to and from Canada. Legal rights protect the people of the nation by having laws that keep them safe along with the equality rights, which protect citizenry from discrimination allowing them to life without fear of inequality. Thus, supplying them with positive and negative liberties that make Canada such a successful political community compared to the various nations that lack these rights and freedoms and cause a state of societal issues to be placed on the political community as a result.
Due to the fact that “when Ottawa went against the grain and launched the Millennium Scholarship programs, provincial feathers, especially Quebec’s, were immediately ruffled,” provinces such as Quebec and British Columbia, among others, were motivated to “set up their own research funding agencies with the view to [maximize] the likelihood of obtaining funds from Ottawa,” (Bakvis 216). As for the legitimacy of cooperative federalism in Canada today, it seems as though executive federalism itself is turning largely paternalistic – at least in the sense of PSE. More often than not, in PSE funding, the federal government has taken the initiative while “one set of executives – those from provincial governments – was largely absent,” (Bakvis 218).
However, this type of nationalism may work against the secessionists as it may give further power to the Canadian federation (Hamilton, 2004). Finally, left –wing nationalism is a composite of democracy and liberalism. Quebec Solidaire is a prime example that embraces diversity, independence, and openness. Built –in electoral obstacles may impede the party’s success; hence, retain status quo (Fidler, 2012).
Federalism is the system the United States uses as a frame for its government's power distribution when it comes to policies, procedures, and the likes. It is what maintains the power between the different levels of government, be it the National, state, or local governments. It also defines and separates these power possessors, while protecting the rights and profits of each. There are many opinions and theories concerning the success of such a system, depending on a person's outlook on the subject. However, despite its pros and cons, it can be said that if nothing else, it at least gets more citizens involved in politics.
The first is called political asymmetry; this encompasses the various attitudes of the different provinces such as the culture, economic, social and political conditions and how it shapes the relationship between the provincial and federal governments (Brock 2008, 4). This can create a problem for the federal government because it means that they may ha... ... middle of paper ... ...ratic process but it at least protects the rights of Canadians and prevents all out domination the majority. This essay has argued that there are many limitations that the Prime Minister is subjected too. The three most important are federalism in Canadian society, the role of the Governor General, and the charter of rights and freedoms. I used two different views of federalism and illustrated how both of them put boundaries on the Prime Minister’s power.
Inclusionary democracy prevents the tyranny of a few to withhold political rights to citizens and calls for acceptance of rights for various social and racial groups in order for equal representation in the political process. However, various groups have challenged the success of democracy to fully represent citizens’ rights because of its divisive nature. The goal is to apply fair democratic practices in the United States and develop more universal equality around the world.
The free trade market place is looking and routing for ASEAN Economic Community’s success. It is seen as the catalyst that will energize the free trade market and will be good for the United States, Europe, and beyond. There has been many studies done supporting this theory and many countries are convinced as seen by them supporting this by their investments in ASEAN Economic Community. Free Trade has been good for all nations and opens the doors to the world’s economy, promotes social, political and labor improvements making the world as a whole a better place.
This can be contrasted with the newer thinking (and to a lesser extent, the practice) within governments and the bureaucracy of insisting that public organisations must demonstrate more foresight, responsiveness, innovation and prudent risk taking, while being granted more authority and freedom from rules and procedures and held more strictly accountable for results. In short, the negative blaming approach typically followed in parliament does not fit well with the more constructive, learning approach being promoted within the APS. The role of partisanship in parliament is controversial. For some commentators competition among parties provides the incentives and energy which drive the parliamentary process and ensure that the deficiencies in performance of governments are revealed. Critics see prevailing partisan approaches to the enforcement of political accountability as too ritualistic, narrow, negative and theatrical.