Fascism in the Contemporary World

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Fascism in the Contemporary World This research examines the development of fascism and ultranationalism in contemporary Croatia, Hungary, and Serbia. Fascism and ultranationalism are not one and the same thing. While a fascist likely will be an ultranationalist (and will certainly be nationalistic), an ultranationalist need not necessarily be a fascist. As these two terms are critical to this examination, they must be defined. Ultranationalism Ultranationalism implies not only an intensely patriotic attitude toward and a highly chauvinistic perception of one's own nation, but also implies a desire to exclude others from one's nation, particularly should those others be in some way different from the majority population in one's own nation. By and large, the United States has one of the most intensely patriotic populations on the globe, and certainly has the most chauvinistic population of any major nation. The American population is also highly insular in that the broad base of the population possesses little knowledge about the rest of the world. The American government, however, tends to be highly interventionist internationally in contrast to the general insularity of the population. The population of the United States tends to be divided, however, with respect to a desire to exclude immigrants from the nation. The dichotomies involving an interventionist government and an insular population, and both pro﷓ and anti﷓immigration elements within the population keep the United States from being designated as an ultranationalist country, although strong ultranationalist forces are present in American society. Among the major nations, both Germany and Japan are better examples of ultranation... ... middle of paper ... ...w, 46, 28﷓30. Singleton, F. (1976). Twentieth﷓century Yugoslavia. New York: Columbia University Press. Steady does it? (1993, 30 January). Economist, 326, 48. Torok, Adam. (1993, June). Trends and motives of organizational change in Hungarian industry. Journal of Comparative Economics, 17, 366﷓384. Webb, W. L. (1993, 23 April). Driven mad by history. New Statesman & Society, 6(249), 18﷓19. Weidmann, Manfred. (1993, April). Hungary: An end in sight. Euromoney, 104﷓105. White, L. (1951). Balkan ceasar: Tito vs. Stalin. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Williams, Carol J. (1994, 8 May). Hungarian voters look to bring back breakthrough days. Los Angeles Times, B5. Woodard, Colin. (1992, 15 April). Dramatic surge in racist attacks prompt foreign students to leave Hungarian universities. Chronicle of Higher Education, 38, A48.
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