Farmers and taxpayers have brought their concerns to the government regarding agriculture since the first farm bill in 1933. The bill was called the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933. It was enacted in response to the Great Depression. The rapidly dropping crop prices, national hunger, and trade failure spurned the farmers and consumers to cry out to the government. The government responded with the Agricultural Adjustment Act that adapted tax and production laws to fit the needs of the economy. Since then, fifteen more bills have been passed regarding the needs of the agricultural community. The previous act of 2008 was titled, “The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act”. Many issues that had been pressed since 2002, were addressed in this act. The act held restrictions and provisions that mostly expired by October 1, 2013. Now, in 2014, a new bill is required to extend old programs and provisions and address new current issues. The new agriculture act of 2014 was passed on February 7. It was titled, “The Food, Farm, and Jobs Bill”. The bill has had varied reactions from relief to disgust. Most farmers and citizens involved in the agriculture business support the tax bill, but many taxpaying citizens outside of the agriculture industry are complaining that the substantial amount of tax dollars being put into the various programs and provisions of the bill is a waste of money. It could be that the opponents of the act are not considering the benefits it gives to farmers and the positive outcomes it will have on the economy. The 2014 Farm Bill is a wise use of tax dollars because of its many new programs, extensions, and restrictions that will benefit the agriculture industry.
Farmers everywhere in the United States during the late nineteenth century had valid reasons to complaint against the economy because the farmers were constantly being taken advantage of by the railroad companies and banks. All farmers faced similar problems and for one thing, farmers were starting to become a minority within the American society. In the late nineteenth century, industrialization was in the spotlight creating big businesses and capitals. The success of industrialization put agriculture and farmers on the down low, allowing the corporations to overtake the farmers. Since the government itself; such as the Republican Party was also pro-business during this time, they could have cared less about the farmers.
Michael: The Farm Security Administration was created in 1937 under the Department of Agriculture. It was initially created as the Resettlement Administration in 1935 as part of the New Deal in the United States The organization was used during the Depression to fight American rural poverty.
Saving American Agriculture
American agriculture has changed dramatically since the first days of mechanized equipment and large-scale crop production. “Many conceived of farming as a rewarding life . . . and a source of moral virtue” (Mariola, 2005). While presently, many view farming as purely economic in purpose. It has been stated that farming in America is decreasing more quickly than any other occupation.
Monsanto is one of the biggest companies behind genetic food engineering and for years have been able to sell their crops to farmers of all kinds around the world. Today they have over twenty products, which can be bought from their website anywhere from Roundup Ready to genetically modified corn and soybeans. They claim to “help farmers grow a sustainable crop so they can be successful, produce healthier foods, increase the fiber in animal feeds, while also reducing agriculture's impact on our environment”. Their home page is brightly colored, depicts happy farmers and promises to end world hunger. It tells the government and public what they want to hear not what they need to hear.
The National Farm Association was co-founded by Cesar Chavez and Gil Padilla. The main purpose of this association was to seek and enforce Mexican-American labor laws. Such as reasonable work hours and pay an individual receives. To get their message across, many formed marches, boycotts, and strikes. With these forms of expression, people started to hear the voices of those wanting a change in El Movimiento.
Gaer,Joseph, Toward Farm Security: The Problem of Rural Poverty and the Work of the Farm Security Administration (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1941). Paul E. Mertz, New Deal Policy and Southern Rural Poverty(Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1978). Alfred Carl Seago, "A Comparison of Results From Planned and Actual Operation on Farm Security Administration Farms, Pawnee and Payne Counties, Oklahoma" (M.A. thesis, Oklahoma A&M College, 1946).
Significant changes in farming began to occur at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Between the American Revolution and the Civil War, tens of thousands of farmers surged westward to settle on the rich lands of the Ohio and Mississippi valleys. The...
The period between 1880 and 1900 was a boom time for American Politics. The country was finally free of the threat of war, and many of its citizens were living comfortably. However, as these two decades went by, the American farmer found it harder and harder to live comfortably. Crops such as cotton and wheat, once the sustenance of the agriculture industry, were selling at prices so low that it was nearly impossible for farmers to make a profit off them. Furthermore, improvement in transportation allowed foreign competition to materialize, making it harder for American farmers to dispose of surplus crop. Mother Nature was also showing no mercy with grasshoppers, floods, and major droughts that led to a downward spiral of business that devastated many of the nation’s farmers. As a result of the agricultural depression, numerous farms groups, most notably the Populist Party, arose to fight what the farmers saw as the reasons for the decline in agriculture. During the final twenty years of the nineteenth century, many farmers in the United States saw monopolies and trusts, railroads, and money shortages and the loss in value of silver as threats to their way of life, all of which could be recognized as valid complaints.
The modern day agricultural industry is a lot different from the agricultural industry one hundred years ago and even the industry of ten years ago. There are more and more breakthroughs made in technology of machinery and techniques that farmers use every day, this leaves some farmers heads spinning at the thought of keeping up with all of the advancements made, but it is essential for farmers to stay ahead of the curve to keep up with the industry standards in terms of production and profits. The agricultural industry is driven by modernization in all aspects of the industry, however companies like Monsanto are compromising environmental protection and small business to have the most modern products and make the most money. Monsanto and the