According to Fanon, the Black man is a creation of the White man. The former internalizes the negative images and character traits White people inscribe on him. Moreover, as the negative image of Blackness is perpetually contrasted with the “purity,” the positive traits that are commonly ascribed to Whiteness, Black people increasingly identify with the aggressor and aspire to become White. Thus, victims of racism suffer from the internalized self-hate and the frustration that grows out of the desire for the unattainable – White people’s recognition. In Fanon’s view, Whites are not able to see past the dehumanizing image that they themselves have created, because they relegate Blacks and other oppressed minorities into a zone of non-being.
One of the greatest sensitivities discernible in the contemporary society concerns race and gender. Such sensitivities are defensibly results of the historical struggles for equality in suffrage, work, education, employment, and many other civil rights. It is clear that although the civil struggles are now gone, the issues have not waned with time. In the case of gender equality, it seems the pendulum swung so hard that the problem has changed from one extreme to the other, which has become unhealthy for the society. When it comes to race, however, it seems much has changed in terms of laws protecting minority races, condemnation of pejorative language, and other visible prejudices, while the economic inequality of the races is still conspicuous. The church’s understanding of the doctrine of humanity should determine how these issues are viewed, evaluated, and confronted.
The Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement is comprised of efforts of activists and national leaders to stand for African Americans and the basic rights guaranteed to American citizens in the Constitution, including the rights to like process and "equal protection of the laws" and the right to vote. The 1950s and 1960s represent the height of the Civil Rights Movement of the twentieth century. Activists had found basic rights for African Americans since even before the Civil War.
Gender inequality has engulfed the United States and placed copious varying roles onto the male and female sexes. According to Leila Aboulela, Minaret, “All through life there were distinctions - toilets for men, toilets for women; clothes for men, clothes for women - then, at the end, the graves are identical.” Discrimination places women into different roles and takes away numerous privileges. However in America today after more than a century of struggles by dedicated activists who fought to alter these ideals and gain further rights, the perception of women in society and their contributions to society have been greatly transformed.
“ Civil rights is the term that refers to the right of every person to equal access to society’s opportunities and public facilities.”
From this view, social equality means that likes should be treated alike and differences should be treated differently. It is this underlying assumption that gives rise to the “pregnancy” exception. According to Catherine MacKinnon’s difference approach, the present standard is that “similarly situated” people should be treated the same, but, where there is a biological difference—like the ability to become pregnant”—there is no similar situation and, therefore, no necessity for similar treatment. This approach denies the reality that sex-based biological differences are related to gender. Catherine MacKinnon also describes her “inequality approach” which concerns gender discrimination as a systematic construct that defines women as inferior to men and that “cumulatively disadvantages women for their differences from men, as well as ignores their
During the time period when legal equality was passed when sexism, racism, and ableism was officially forbidden, the inequality of materials was worsened especially for women, people of color, people with disabilities, poor people, immigrants, and prisoners. This was due to the government creating laws that increased criminalization, imprisonment, deportation, and strengthened immigration laws. Lowered wages, and more people working as temporary workers made a situation where there were widened wealth gaps so rich people were able to become richer and the poor people became even poorer. “Many had no hope of finding legal employment because of the bias and violence they faced, … This meant constant exposure to the criminal punishment system, where they were inevitably locked into gender segregated facilities that placed them according to birth gender and exposed them to further violence” (Spade 11).
While a conservative writer called Charles Murray was giving a speech students of the Middlebury college got together and chanted angrily outside of wear he was. They were chanting racism sexism and anti-gay and how they would not stand for this. Some set off fire alarms and others stomped their feet. He was moved to a recording studio to live stream the rest of the speech. When he was leaving he was confronted by an angry group of people and he said that if it wasn't for the security he would be on the ground.
In conclusion , racism and discrimination against Afro-Ecuadorians and Indiginas should not be explained only from the scene of racial prejudice and lack of personal education. This is a phenomenon that operates as a structural and ideological system, that regulates and rationalizes the unequal relations of power between the above and below. Which in the words of Frantz Fanon would be “between the exploited and the exploiters, between the settlers and the Colonized.” Faced with this, the discriminated has only to take counterstrategies of denial and assimilation, perhaps only instrument of mitigation and search for social acceptance, which ends up expressing an aberrant process of negotiation of their own identity. Racism and discrimination
In 1975, Jeff Dudgeon sent a complaint to the European Court of Human Rights based on the grounds that Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights was breached by the United Kingdom. The court ruled 15-4 in favor of Mr. Dudgeon that the United Kingdom had violated Articles 8 and 14. This was the first major victory for the LGBTQIA+ community at such a high-ranking court.